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AFRICAN ELECTIONS DATABASE

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Sub-National Referendums in Sub-Saharan Africa
 
 
 
--1963 Referendum [Parts of the Western Region]
 
 
 
 
Comoros
 
See Sub-National Elections in the Comoros for referendums held at the island level.
 
Ghana
 
9 May 1956 British Togoland Plebiscite*
Main Points: Voters were asked if they wanted to join the Gold Coast (present-day Ghana).

Registered Voters

272,663

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

Invalid/Blank Votes

Not Available

Total Valid Votes

224,413

Results Number of Votes % of Votes
Votes in favor of Union with the Gold Coast (Ghana) 142,214 63.37%
Votes in favor of Separation
[Against Union with the Gold Coast (Ghana)]
80,199 36.63%
 
Namibia
 
May 1990 Rehoboth Referendum*
Main Points: Autonomy and Special Rights for the Baster people.

Registered Voters

Not Available

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

Invalid/Blank Votes

Not Available

Total Valid Votes

9,289

Results % of Votes
"Yes" Votes 84.1%
"No" Votes 15.9%
*Unofficial referendum. The results were not recognized by the Namibian government.
 
Nigeria
 
November 1959 British Northern Cameroons Plebiscite
Main Points: Voters were asked if they wanted to join Nigeria when it becomes independent or decide the political status at a later date.

Registered Voters

129,549

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

113,859 (87.9%)

Invalid/Blank Votes

       525

Total Valid Votes

113,334

Results Number of Votes % of Votes
Union with Nigeria 42,788 27.75%
Postpone Decision 70,546 62.25%
 
11-12 February 1961 British Cameroons Plebiscite
Main Points: Voters were asked if they wanted to unite with Nigeria or Cameroon when independence is granted to the two regions.
Northern Cameroons

Registered Voters

292,985

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

Invalid/Blank Votes

Not Available

Total Valid Votes

243,955

Southern Cameroons

Registered Voters

349,652

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

Invalid/Blank Votes

Not Available

Total Valid Votes

331,312

Results Northern Cameroons Southern Cameroons
Number of Votes % of Votes Number of Votes % of Votes
Union with the Federation of Nigeria 146,296 59.97% 97,741 29.50%
Union with the Republic of Cameroon 97,659 40.03% 233,571 70.50%
 
13 July 1963 Referendum* [Detailed Results]
Main Points: Creation of the Midwest Region from a portion of the Western Region.
Ballot Question: "Do you agree that the Midwestern Region Act, 1962, shall have effect so as to secure that Benin Province including Akoko Edo District in the Afenmai Division and Delta Province including Warri Division and Warri Urban Township area shall be included in the proposed Mid-Western Region?"

Registered Voters

654,130**

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

Invalid/Blank Votes

Not Available

Total Valid Votes

586,295

Results Number of Votes % of Votes
"Yes" Votes 579,077 98.77%
"No" Votes 7,218 1.23%
*Approval of the proposal required the support of at least 60 percent of the 654,130 registered voters, which was met.
**Some sources list the number of registered voters as 650,130, while most use the figure 654,130.
 
South Africa
 
10 June 1909 Natal Province Referendum
Main Points: Joining the Union of South Africa

Registered Voters

25,463

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

Invalid/Blank Votes

Not Available

Total Valid Votes

14,822

Results Number of Votes % of Votes
"Yes" Votes 11,121 75.03%
"No" Votes 3,701 24.97%
 
Uganda
 
4 November 1964 "Lost Counties" Referendum
Background/Main Points: The colonial authorities had handed the two counties from Bunyoro Kingdom to Buganda Kingdom, seeing as they harbor important burial grounds, but the population of Buganda didn’t adhere to the particular beliefs in question. Voters were given the choice of unification with the Bunyoro Kingdom, creation of a separate (proper) district that would be part of neither kingdom, or remain a part of the Buganda Kingdom.
Bugangaizi County

Registered Voters

Not Available

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

Invalid/Blank Votes

Not Available

Total Valid Votes

5,590

Buyaga County

Registered Voters

Not Available

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

Invalid/Blank Votes

Not Available

Total Valid Votes

9,666

Results Bugangaizi County Buyaga County
Number of Votes % of Votes Number of Votes % of Votes
Unification with Bunyoro 3,275 58.59% 8,327 86.15%
Remain part of Buganda 2,253 40.30% 1,289 13.34%
Proper District 62 1.11% 50 0.51%