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AFRICAN ELECTIONS DATABASE

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Elections in Equatorial Guinea
 
Political Profile
Political System: Restricted Democratic Practice
President: Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo (PDGE) [since 3 August 1979; seized power in 1979 military coup, elected 1982, re-elected 1989, 1996, 2002, and 2009] The President is elected by direct popular vote for a 7-year term. Electoral System: First Past The Post.
Prime Minister: Ignacio Milam Tang (PDGE) [since 8 July 2008] The Prime Minister is appointed by the President.
House of People's Representatives [unicameral] (100 Seats) Members are elected by direct popular vote in multi-member constituencies using the party-list proportional representation system; members serve 5-year terms.
Political Situation since Independence
1968-1969 Emerging Democracy
1969-1970 Restricted Democratic Practice
1970-1979 One Party State (PUNT)
1979-1982 Military Regime
1982-1987 Non Party State
1987-1991 One Party State (PDGE)
1991-1993 Multiparty Transition
1993-        Restricted Democratic Practice
2012 Freedom House Rating: Political Rights - 7, Civil Liberties - 7, Status: Not Free
Next Scheduled Presidential Election: 2016
Next Scheduled National Assembly Election: 2014
Political Parties: ADP - Progressive Democratic Alliance, APGE* - Popular Action of Equatorial Guinea, CLD - Liberal Democratic Convention, CPDS - Convergence for Social Democracy (social-democratic), CSDP - Social Democratic and Popular Convergence, IPGE - Popular Idea of Equatorial Guinea, MONALIGE - National Liberation Movement of Equatorial Guinea, MUNGE - National Unity Movement of Equatorial Guinea, PCSD - Party of the Social Democratic Coalition, PDGE - Democratic Party of Equatorial Guinea (authoritarian), PL - Liberal Party, PPGE (formerly PP) - Progress Party of Equatorial Guinea, PSD - Social Democratic Party, PUNT - Worker's National United Party, UB - Bubi Union, UDENA - Democratic National Union of Equatorial Guinea, UDS - Social Democratic Union, UP - Popular Union.
*The acronym AP is sometimes used when referring to the party.
Coalitions: Joint Opposition Platform (POC) [Boycotted the 1993 House of People's Representatives Election] Major parties in the coalition include the Convergence for Social Democracy (CPDS), Popular Action of Equatorial Guinea (APGE), Progressive Democratic Alliance (ADP), Popular Union (UP), Party of the Social Democratic Coalition (PCSD), and the Progress Party of Equatorial Guinea (PP); Democratic Opposition (also known as the Electoral Coalition) [Contested 2004 House of People’s Representatives Election] A coalition of political parties allied with the ruling Democratic Party of Equatorial Guinea (PDGE). Member parties include the Social Democratic Union (UDS), Liberal Democratic Convention (CLD), Progressive Democratic Alliance (ADP), Social Democratic Party (PSD), Liberal Party (PL), and the Democratic National Union of Equatorial Guinea (UDENA); [Contested the 2008 House of People's Representatives Election] Member parties include the Social Democratic Union (UDS), Liberal Democratic Convention (CLD), Progressive Democratic Alliance (ADP), Social Democratic Party (PSD), Party of the Social Democratic Coalition (PCSD), Liberal Party (PL), and the Democratic National Union of Equatorial Guinea (UDENA).
 
 Election Results
 
 
Presidential
--Multiparty: 1968, 1996, 2002, 2009
--Single Party: 1989
Legislative
--Multiparty: 1968, 1993, 1999, 2004, 2008
--Single Party: 1988
--Non Partisan: 1983
Referendums: 1963, 1968, 1973, 1982, 1991, 2011
Municipal: 2004
 
 
15 December 1963 Referendum
Main Points: Internal Autonomy

Registered Voters

Not Available

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

Invalid/Blank Votes

Not Available

Total Valid Votes

94,817

Results Number of Votes % of Votes
"Yes" Votes 59,280 62.52%
"No" Votes 35,537 37.48%
 
11 August 1968 Constitutional Referendum
Main Points: Presidential Republic, Unicameral Legislature, Local legislatures for Fernando Póo and Rio Muni.

Registered Voters

125,253

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

114,853 (91.7%)

Invalid/Blank Votes

    2,198

Total Valid Votes

112,655

Results Number of Votes % of Votes
"Yes" Votes 72,458 64.32%
"No" Votes 40,197 35.68%
 
September 1968 Presidential Election*
First Round (22 September 1968)

Registered Voters

137,755

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

  92,956 (67.5%)

Invalid/Blank Votes

    1,281

Total Valid Votes

  91,675

Second Round (29 September 1968)

Registered Voters

137,755

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

109,101 (79.2%)

Invalid/Blank Votes

       537

Total Valid Votes

108,564

Candidate (Party) First Round Second Round
Number of Votes % of Votes Number of Votes % of Votes
Francisco Macías Nguema (IPGE) 36,716 40.05% 68,310 62.92%
Bonifacio Ondó Edu (MUNGE) 31,941 34.84% 40,254 37.08%
Atanasio Ndongo (MONALIGE) 18,223 19.88% - -
Edmundo Bossio (UB) 4,795 5.23% - -
*Some sources report slightly lower figures regarding the number of registered voters - 137,550 or 137,555.
 
21 September 1968 National Assembly Election

Registered Voters

Not Available

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

Party Number of Seats (35)
National Liberation Movement of Equatorial Guinea (MONALIGE) 10
National Unity Movement of Equatorial Guinea (MUNGE) 10
Popular Idea of Equatorial Guinea (IPGE) 8
Bubi Union (UB) 7
 
29 July 1973 Constitutional Referendum
Main Points: Centralized Presidential Republic, One Party State

Registered Voters

Not Available

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

Results % of Votes
"Yes" Votes 99.00%
"No" Votes 1.00%
 
15 August 1982 Constitutional Referendum
Main Points: Designation of Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo as president for seven years, provisions for the protection of human rights, limited political representation.

Registered Voters

159,995

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

149,545 (93.5%)

Invalid/Blank Votes

    3,619

Total Valid Votes

145,926

Results Number of Votes % of Votes
"Yes" Votes 139,777 95.79%
"No" Votes 6,149 4.21%
 
Non Partisan Elections
28 August 1983 House of People's Representatives Election (41 Seats)
 
Single Party Elections
Sole Legal Party: Democratic Party of Equatorial Guinea (PDGE)
10 July 1988 House of People's Representatives Election
25 June 1989 Presidential Election (Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo re-elected unopposed as with 99% of the vote)
 
16 November 1991 Constitutional Referendum
Main Points: Presidential Republic, Multiparty System, President serves 7-year term with no limits on re-election

Registered Voters

156,942

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (94.3%)

Results % of Votes
"Yes" Votes 98.36%
"No" Votes 1.64%
 
21 November 1993 House of People's Representatives Election*/**

Registered Voters

116,666

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

  78,736 (68.5%)

Invalid/Blank Votes

       512

Total Valid Votes

  78,224

Party Number of Votes % of Votes Number of Seats (80)
Democratic Party of Equatorial Guinea (PDGE) 54,589 69.79% 68
Social Democratic and Popular Convergence (CSDP) 8,042 10.28% 6
Social Democratic Union (UDS) 5,760 7.36% 5
Liberal Party (PL) 4,974 6.36% 1
Liberal Democratic Convention (CLD) 1,963 2.51% -
Socialist Party of Equatorial Guinea (PSGE) 1,106 1.41% -
Social Democratic Party (PSD) 909 1.16% -
Democratic National Union of Equatorial Guinea (UDENA) 880 1.12% -
*The Joint Opposition Platform (POC), a grouping of opposition political parties, boycotted the election.
**Official results state that 78,224 valid votes were cast, but the distribution of votes received by political parties totals 78,223 (a difference of one vote). Percentage figures in the table are based on the latter number of valid votes cast.
 
25 February 1996 Presidential Election*

Registered Voters

213,238

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

183,803 (86.2%)

Invalid/Blank Votes

       259

Total Valid Votes

183,544

Candidate (Party) Number of Votes % of Votes
Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo (PDGE) 179,592 97.85%
Secundino Oyono Agwong Ada (CSDP) 1,349 0.73%
Andrés Moisés Mba Ada (UP)* 1,135 0.62%
Severo Moto Nsá (PP)* 1,017 0.55%
Buenaventura Monsuy Asumu (PCSD)* 451 0.25%
*Andrés Moisés Mba Ada, Severo Moto Nsá, and Buenaventura Monsuy Asumu withdrew several days before the election was held, but their names remained on the ballot and they each garnered votes.
 
7 March 1999 House of People's Representatives Election

Registered Voters

194,036

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

184,218 (94.9%)

Invalid/Blank Votes

       690

Total Valid Votes

183,528

Party Number of Votes % of Votes Number of Seats (80)
Democratic Party of Equatorial Guinea (PDGE) 156,949 85.52% 75
Popular Union (UP) 11,771 6.41% 4
Convergence for Social Democracy (CPDS) 9,735 5.30% 1
Others 5,073 2.46% -
 
15 December 2002 Presidential Election

Registered Voters

215,447

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

211,104 (98.0%)

Invalid/Blank Votes

       554

Total Valid Votes

210,550

Candidate (Party) Number of Votes % of Votes
Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo (PDGE) 204,367 97.06%
Celestino Bonifacio Bacalé (CPDS)* 4,570 2.17%
Jeremías Ondo Ngomo (UP)* 663 0.31%
Buenaventura Monsuy Asumu (PCSD)* 501 0.24%
Secundino Oyono Agwong Ada (CSDP)* 449 0.21%
*The four opposition candidates withdrew on Election Day alleging fraudulent conditions. Their names remained on the ballot and they each garnered votes.
 
25 April 2004 House of People's Representatives Election

Registered Voters

210,514

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

203,042 (96.5%)

Invalid/Blank Votes

       773

Total Valid Votes

202,269

Party/Coalition Number of Votes % of Votes Number of Seats (100)
Democratic Party of Equatorial Guinea (PDGE) & Allies 185,714 91.82% 98

Democratic Party of Equatorial Guinea (PDGE) (99,892) (49.39%)
68
Democratic Opposition (85,822) (42.43%) 30
Convergence for Social Democracy (CPDS) 12,202 6.03% 2
Others 4,353 2.15% -
 
4 May 2008 House of People's Representatives Election

Registered Voters

278,000 (approx.)

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

Party/Coalition Number of Seats (100)
Democratic Party of Equatorial Guinea (PDGE) & Allies 99

Democratic Party of Equatorial Guinea (PDGE)
89
Democratic Opposition 10
Convergence for Social Democracy (CPDS) 1
 
29 November 2009 Presidential Election*/**

Registered Voters

292,585

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

273,127 (93.3%)

Invalid/Blank Votes

    1,163

Total Valid Votes

271,964

Candidate (Party) Number of Votes % of Votes
Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo (PDGE) 260,462 95.76%
Plácido Micó Abogo (CPDS) 9,700 3.57%
Archivaldo Montero Biribé (UP) 931 0.34%
Buenaventura Monsuy Asumu (PCSD) 462 0.17%
Carmelo Mba Bacale (APGE) 437 0.16%
*Official results published by the constitutional court state that 271,964 valid votes were cast, but the distribution of votes among candidates totals 271,992 (a difference of 28 votes). Percentage figures in the table are based on the latter number of valid votes cast.
**Also, the constitutional court's results based the percentage of votes received by each candidate on the total number of votes cast (273,127) instead of the total number of valid votes cast. Results based on that figure are as follows: Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo (95.36%), Plácido Micó Abogo (3.55%), Archivaldo Montero Biribé (0.34%), Buenaventura Monsuy Asumu (0.17%), Carmelo Mba Bacale (0.16%). The remaining percentage (0.43%) consisted of invalid/blank votes.
 
13 November 2011 Referendum
Main Points: President limited to two 7-year terms in office; Creation of the post of Vice-President

Registered Voters

331,982

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

304,730 (91.8%)

Invalid/Blank Votes

    2,092

Total Valid Votes

302,638

Results Number of Votes % of Votes
"Yes" Votes 295,780 97.73%
"No" Votes 6,858 2.27%