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AFRICAN ELECTIONS DATABASE

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Elections in Liberia
 
Political Profile
Political System: Democracy
President: Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf (UP) [since 16 January 2006; elected 2005, re-elected 2011] The president is elected by direct popular vote for a 6-year term. Electoral System: Two Round (Run-off).
Legislaure [bicameral]
--Senate (30 Seats) Members (2 per county) are elected by direct popular vote in single-member constituencies using the first-past-the-post system. 15 'Senior' Senators [Those who placed first in their respective county] serve 9-year terms, while the remaining 15 'Junior' Senators [Those who placed second in their respective county] serve 6-year terms. Note: All Senators elected in 2011 and afterwards will serve a 9-year term.
--House of Representatives (64 Seats) Members are elected by direct popular vote in single-member constituencies using the first-past-the-post system; members serve 6-year terms.
Political Situation since Independence
1847-1878 Emerging Democracy
1878-1980 [De-Facto] One Party State (TWP)
1980-1984 Military Regime
1984-1990 Restricted Democratic Practice
1990-1997 Transitional Governments
1997-2001 Emerging Democracy
2001-2003 Restricted Democratic Practice
2003-2006 Transitional Government
2006-        Democracy
[Note: Governments were elected by Americo-Liberian males (descendants of the freed slaves from the United States) until 1951, when universal suffrage was introduced.]
2012 Freedom House Rating: Political Rights - 3, Civil Liberties - 4, Status: Partly Free
Next Scheduled Presidential Election: 2017
Next Scheduled Senatorial Election: 2014; 2017
Next Scheduled House of Representatives Election: 2017
Political Parties: AAP - Anti-Administration Party, ALCOP - All Liberian Coalition Party, APD - Alliance for Peace and Democracy, CDC - Congress for Democratic Change, CUP - Citizens Unification Party, FAPL - Freedom Alliance Party of Liberia, FDP - Free Democratic Party, GDPL - Grassroot Democratic Party of Liberia, ITWP - Independent True Whig Party, LAP - Liberian Action Party, LDP - Liberia Destiny Party, LEAD - Liberia Education and Development Party, LEP - Liberia Empowerment Party, LERP - Liberia Equal Rights Party, LINU - Liberia National Union, LP - Liberty Party, LPL - Labor Party of Liberia, LPP - Liberian People's Party, LRP - Liberia Reconstruction Party, LTP - Liberia Transformation Party, LUP - Liberia Unification Party, MAPOL - Majority Party of Liberia, MPC - Movement for Progressive Change, NADMIC - National Democratic Movement for Industrial Change, NATVIPOL - National Vision Party of Liberia, NDPL - National Democratic Party of Liberia, NPL - National Party of Liberia, NPP - National Patriotic Party (authoritarian), NRP - National Reformation Party, NSDPL - National Social Democratic Party of Liberia, NUDP - National Union for Democratic Progress, OCPOL - Original Congress Party of Liberia, PAP - Pro-Administration Party [True Liberian Party], PDPL - People's Democratic Party of Liberia, PP - People's Party, PPP - Progressive People's Party, PRODEM - Progressive Democratic Party, RAP - Reformation Alliance Party, RP - Reformation Party, RP - Republican Party, RULP - Reformed United Liberia Party, TWP - True Whig Party, ULD - Union of Liberian Democrats, UP - Unity Party (centrist), UPP - United People's Party, VCP - Victory for Change Party.
Coalitions: Alliance of Political Parties (ALLIANCE) [Contested the 1997 Presidential and Legislative Elections] Member parties include the Liberian Action Party (LAP) and Liberia Unification Party (LUP); Alliance for Peace and Democracy (APD) [Contested the 2005 Presidential and Legislative Elections] Member parties include the Liberian People's Party (LPP) and United People's Party (UPP); Coalition for the Transformation of Liberia (COTOL) [Contested the 2005 Presidential and Legislative Elections] Member parties include the Liberian Action Party (LAP), Liberia Unification Party (LUP), People's Democratic Party of Liberia (PDPL), and the True Whig Party (TWP); National Democratic Coalition (NDC) [Contested the 2011 Presidential and Legislative Elections] Member parties include the Free Democratic Party (FDP), Liberia Equal Rights Party (LERP), Labor Party of Liberia (LPL), Liberian People's Party (LPP), Majority Party of Liberia (MAPOL), National Democratic Movement for Industrial Change (NADMIC), New Deal Movement (NDM), and the United People's Party (UPP); United Democratic Alliance (UDA) [Contested the 2005 Presidential and Legislative Elections] Member parties include the Liberia National Union (LINU), Liberia Education and Development Party (LEAD), and the Reformation Alliance Party (RAP).
 
Election Results
 
 
Legislative [Data on legislative elections held between 1847 and 1980 is not available]
--Senate: 1985, 1997, 2005, 2011
--House of Representatives: 1985, 1997, 2005, 2011
 
 
27 October 1846 Referendum
Main Points: Declaration of Independence

Registered Voters

Not Available

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

Results % of Votes
"Yes" Votes 52.00%
"No" Votes 48.00%
 
27 September 1847 Constitutional Referendum [Results by Settlement]
Main Points: President with executive powers, Bicameral legislature, Only Africans and their descendents can obtain the right to vote, Only landowners have voting rights

Registered Voters

Not Available

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

Invalid/Blank Votes

Not Available

Total Valid Votes

272

Results Number of Votes % of Votes
"Yes" Votes 214

78.68%

"No" Votes 58 21.32%
 
27 September 1847 Presidential Election

Registered Voters

Not Available

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

Joseph Jenkins Roberts, backed by the Pro-Administation Party (PAP) defeated Samuel Benedict of the Anti-Administration Party (AAP). No Figures Available.
 
1 May 1849 Presidential Election

Registered Voters

Not Available

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

Joseph Jenkins Roberts was re-elected. No figures are available.
 
1 May 1849 Referendum
Main Points: Additional representation in the House of Representatives for Sinoe County (an increase from one representative to three)

Registered Voters

Not Available

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

The proposed amendment was adopted by the required two-thirds majority. No figures are available.
 
May 1851 Presidential Election

Registered Voters

Not Available

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

Joseph Jenkins Roberts was re-elected. No figures are available.
 
May 1853 Presidential Election

Registered Voters

Not Available

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

Joseph Jenkins Roberts was re-elected. No figures are available.
 
1 May 1855 Presidential Election

Registered Voters

Not Available

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

Stephen A. Benson was re-elected. No figures are available.
 
May 1857 Presidential Election

Registered Voters

Not Available

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

Stephen A. Benson was re-elected. No figures are available.
 
May 1859 Presidential Election

Registered Voters

Not Available

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

Stephen A. Benson was re-elected. No figures are available.
 
7 May 1861 Presidential Election

Registered Voters

Not Available

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

Stephen A. Benson was re-elected. No figures are available.
 
7 May 1861 Referendum
Main Points: Additional representation in the House of Representatives for Maryland County (an increase from one representative to three)

Registered Voters

Not Available

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

The proposed amendment was adopted by the required two-thirds majority. No figures are available.
 
5 May 1863 Presidential Election

Registered Voters

Not Available

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

Daniel B. Warner of the Republican Party (RP) was elected president. No figures are available.
 
May 1865 Presidential Election

Registered Voters

Not Available

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

Daniel B. Warner of the Republican Party (RP) was re-elected. No figures are available.
 
7 May 1867 Presidential Election

Registered Voters

Not Available

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

James Spriggs Payne of the Republican Party (RP) was elected president. No figures are available.
 
4 May 1869 Presidential Election

Registered Voters

Not Available

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

Edward James Roye of the True Whig Party (TWP) defeated Joseph Spriggs Payne of the Republican Party (RP). No figures are available.
 
4 May 1869 Referendum*
Main Points: Doubling of terms in office for the President (two years to four), House of Representatives (two years to four), and the Senate (four years to eight)

Registered Voters

Not Available

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

Invalid/Blank Votes

Not Available

Total Valid Votes

352

Results Number of Votes % of Votes
"Yes" Votes 350

99.43%

"No" Votes 2 0.57%
*Despite the overwhelming vote in favor of the proposal as well as the decision by the House of Representatives to declare the Constitution amended, the Senate refused to sanction the amendment. The Legislature agreed to resubmit the proposal to the electorate in May 1870.
 
3 May 1870 Referendum
Main Points: Doubling of terms in office for the President (two years to four), House of Representatives (two years to four), and the Senate (four years to eight)
Ballot Question: Is the amendment to the Constitution which was to have been submitted to all the electors of this Republic May last A.D. 1869 carried?

Registered Voters

Not Available

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

President Edwin James Roye had the votes counted and approved the amendments. The Legislature, responsible for counting the votes, reclaimed the ballot papers and declared that the Constitution had not been amended since the President was not authorized to count the votes. No figures are available.
 
Note: Edward James Roye was deposed on 26 October 1871. From 26 October 1871 to 4 November 1871, a Chief Executive Committee led by Charles Benedict Dunbar, Amos Herring, and Reginald A. Sherman governed the nation. The remainder of Roye's Term [4 November 1871-1 January 1872] was completed by James S. Smith.
 
May 1871 Presidential Election

Registered Voters

Not Available

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

Joseph Jenkins Roberts of the Republican Party (RP) was elected unopposed. No figures are available.
 
6 May 1873 Presidential Election

Registered Voters

Not Available

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

Joseph Jenkins Roberts of the Republican Party (RP) was re-elected. No figures are available.
 
May 1875 Presidential Election

Registered Voters

Not Available

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

James Spriggs Payne of the Republican Party (RP) was elected president. No figures are available.
 
May 1877 Presidential Election

Registered Voters

Not Available

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

Anthony William Gardiner of the True Whig Party (TWP) was elected president. No figures are available.
 
May 1879 Presidential Election

Registered Voters

Not Available

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

Anthony William Gardiner of the True Whig Party (TWP) was re-elected. No figures are available.
 
May 1881 Presidential Election

Registered Voters

Not Available

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

Anthony William Gardiner of the True Whig Party (TWP) was re-elected. No figures are available.
 
Note: Anthony William Gardiner resigned on 20 January 1883. Alfred Francis Russell completed his term.
 
May 1883 Presidential Election

Registered Voters

Not Available

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

Hilary R.W. Johnson, who received the nomination of both the Republican Party (RP) and True Whig Party (TWP), was elected president. He declared himself a member of the True Whig Party (TWP) after the election. No figures are available.
 
5 May 1885 Presidential Election

Registered Voters

Not Available

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

Invalid/Blank Votes

Not Available

Total Valid Votes

2,310

Candidate (Party) Number of Votes % of Votes
Hilary R.W. Johnson (TWP) 1,438 62.25%
Edward W. Blyden (RP) 872 37.75%
 
1887 Presidential Election

Registered Voters

Not Available

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

Hilary R.W. Johnson of the True Whig Party (TWP) was re-elected. No figures are available.
 
1889 Presidential Election

Registered Voters

Not Available

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

Hilary R.W. Johnson of the True Whig Party (TWP) was re-elected. No figures are available.
 
5 May 1891 Presidential Election

Registered Voters

Not Available

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

Joseph J. Cheeseman of the True Whig Party (TWP) defeated Anthony D. Williams, Jr. of the New Republican Party (NRP). No figures are available.
 
1893 Presidential Election

Registered Voters

Not Available

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

Joseph J. Cheeseman of the True Whig Party (TWP) was re-elected. No figures are available.
 
1895 Presidential Election

Registered Voters

Not Available

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

Joseph J. Cheeseman of the True Whig Party (TWP) was re-elected. No figures are available.
 
Note: Joseph J. Cheeseman died in office on 12 November 1896. William David Coleman completed his term.
 
May 1897 Presidential Election

Registered Voters

Not Available

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

William David Coleman of the True Whig Party (TWP) was elected president. No figures are available.
 
1899 Presidential Election

Registered Voters

Not Available

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

William David Coleman of the True Whig Party (TWP) was re-elected. No figures are available.
 
Note: William David Coleman resigned on 11 December 1900. Garretson W. Gibson completed his term.
 
1901 Presidential Election

Registered Voters

Not Available

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

Garretson W. Gibson of the True Whig Party (TWP) was elected president. No figures are available.
 
1903 Presidential Election

Registered Voters

Not Available

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

Arthur Barclay of the True Whig Party (TWP) was elected president. No figures are available.
 
1905 Presidential Election

Registered Voters

Not Available

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

Arthur Barclay of the True Whig Party (TWP) was re-elected. No figures are available.
 
7 May 1907 Presidential Election

Registered Voters

Not Available

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

Arthur Barclay of the True Whig Party (TWP) was re-elected. No figures are available.
 
7 May 1907 Referendum
Main Points: Extension of terms in office for the President (two years to four), House of Representatives (two years to four), and the Senate (four years to six)

Registered Voters

Not Available

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

Invalid/Blank Votes

Not Available

Total Valid Votes

6,579

Results Number of Votes % of Votes
"Yes" Votes 5,112

77.70%

"No" Votes 1,467 22.30%
 
1911 Presidential Election

Registered Voters

Not Available

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

Daniel Edward Howard of the True Whig Party (TWP) defeated J. J. Dossen of the National Union Party (NUP). No figures are available.
 
1915 Presidential Election

Registered Voters

Not Available

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

Daniel Edward Howard of the True Whig Party (TWP) was re-elected. No figures are available.
 
1919 Presidential Election

Registered Voters

Not Available

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

Charles D.B. King of the True Whig Party (TWP) was elected president. No figures are available.
 
1923 Presidential Election

Registered Voters

Not Available

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

Charles D.B. King of the True Whig Party (TWP) was re-elected. No figures are available.
 
3 May 1927 Presidential Election*

Registered Voters

Not Available

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

Invalid/Blank Votes

Not Available

Total Valid Votes

33,000 (approx.)

Candidate (Party) Number of Votes % of Votes
Charles D.B. King (TWP) 24,000 72.73%
Thomas J. Faulkner (PP) 9,000 27.27%
*All figures are approximations.
 
3 May 1927 Referendum
Main Points: Requirements for the right to stand for election; Composition of the Supreme Court (from one chief justice and two associate justices to one chief justice and four associate justices)

Registered Voters

Not Available

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

The proposed amendments were adopted by the required two-thirds majority of votes cast. No figures are available.
 
1931 Presidential Election

Registered Voters

Not Available

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

Edwin Barclay of the True Whig Party (TWP) defeated People's Party (PP) candidate Thomas J. Faulkner. No figures are available.
 
7 May 1935 Referendum
Main Points: Extension of terms in office for the President (from four years to eight)

Registered Voters

Not Available

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

The proposed amendments were adopted by the required two-thirds majority of votes cast. No figures are available. The referendum extended President Edwin Barclay's term to eight years, bypassing the election scheduled for that year.
 
1939 Presidential Election

Registered Voters

Not Available

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

Edwin Barclay of the True Whig Party (TWP) was re-elected unopposed. No figures are available.
 
4 May 1943 Presidential Election

Registered Voters

Not Available

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

William Tubman of the True Whig Party (TWP) was elected president. No figures are available.
 
4 May 1943 Referendum
Main Points: Residency and other eligibility requirements for presidential candidates

Registered Voters

Not Available

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

The proposed amendments were adopted by the required two-thirds majority of votes cast. No figures are available.
 
1 May 1945 Referendum
Main Points: Suffrage for voters in the Hinterland provinces (male citizens, 21 and older who possess real estate and pay the hut tax)

Registered Voters

Not Available

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

The proposed amendments were adopted by the required two-thirds majority of votes cast. No figures are available.
 
7 May 1946 Referendum
Main Points: Female Suffrage

Registered Voters

Not Available

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

The proposed amendment was adopted by the required two-thirds majority of votes cast. No figures are available.
 
3 May 1949 Referendum
Main Points:
 
1 May 1951 Presidential Election

Registered Voters

Not Available

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

William Tubman of the True Whig Party (TWP) was re-elected unopposed. No figures are available.
 
3 May 1955 Presidential Election

Registered Voters

Not Available

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

Invalid/Blank Votes

Not Available

Total Valid Votes

246,071

Candidate (Party) Number of Votes % of Votes
William Tubman (TWP) 244,873 99.51%
Edwin Barclay (ITWP)* 1,182 0.48%
William O. Davies-Bright 16 0.01%
*Barclay also received the nomination of the Reformation Party (RP).
 
3 May 1955 Referendum
Main Points:
 
5 May 1959 Presidential Election

Registered Voters

Not Available

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

Invalid/Blank Votes

Not Available

Total Valid Votes

530,621

Candidate (Party) Number of Votes % of Votes
William Tubman (TWP) 530,566 99.99%
William O. Davies-Bright 55 0.01%
 
7 May 1963 Presidential Election

Registered Voters

Not Available

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

Invalid/Blank Votes

Not Available

Total Valid Votes

565,044

Candidate (Party) Number of Votes % of Votes
William Tubman (TWP) 565,044 100.00%
 
2 May 1967 Presidential Election

Registered Voters

Not Available

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

Invalid/Blank Votes

Not Available

Total Valid Votes

566,684

Candidate (Party) Number of Votes % of Votes
William Tubman (TWP) 566,684 100.00%
 
4 May 1971 Presidential Election

Registered Voters

Not Available

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

Invalid/Blank Votes

Not Available

Total Valid Votes

714,005

Candidate (Party) Number of Votes % of Votes
William Tubman (TWP) 714,005 100.00%
 
Note: William Tubman died on 23 July 1971. Vice President William Tolbert served as provisional president until he was formally inaugurated on 3 January 1972.
 
4 April 1972 Referendum
Main Points: Lowering the voting age from 21 to 18

Registered Voters

Not Available

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

The proposed amendments were adopted by the required two-thirds majority of votes cast. No figures are available.
 
7 October 1975 Presidential Election

Registered Voters

Not Available

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

William Tolbert of the True Whig Party (TWP) was re-elected unopposed. No figures are available.
 
7 October 1975 Referendum*
Main Points: Restricting the President's Term

Registered Voters

Not Available

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

Results % of Votes
"Yes" Votes 90.00%
"No" Votes 10.00%
*All figures are approximations.
 
3 July 1984 Constitutional Referendum
Main Points: Presidential Republic, Six-year Presidential Term, Bicameral Legislature

Registered Voters

689,929

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

566,891 (82.2%)

Invalid/Blank Votes

  19,007

Total Valid Votes

547,884

Results Number of Votes % of Votes
"Yes" Votes 540,113 98.58%
"No" Votes 7,771 1.42%
 
15 October 1985 Presidential Election

Registered Voters

977,862

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

Invalid/Blank Votes

Not Available

Total Valid Votes

519,040

Candidate (Party) Number of Votes % of Votes
Samuel Doe (NDPL) 264,362 50.93%
Jackson Doe (LAP) 137,270 26.45%
Gabriel Kpolleh (LUP) 59,965 11.55%
Edward Kesselly (UP) 57,443 11.07%
 
15 October 1985 Legislative Election
Senate

Registered Voters

977,862

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

House of Representatives

Registered Voters

977,862

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

Party Senate House of Representatives
Number of Seats (26) Number of Seats (64)
National Democratic Party of Liberia (NDPL) 22 51
Liberian Action Party (LAP) 2 8
Liberian Unification Party (LUP) 1 3
Unity Party (UP) 1 2
 
19 July 1997 Presidential Election [Results by County]

Registered Voters

751,430

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

Invalid/Blank Votes

Not Available

Total Valid Votes

621,880

Candidate (Party) [Coalition] Number of Votes % of Votes
Charles G. Taylor (NPP) 468,443 75.33%
Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf (UP) 59,557 9.58%
Alhaji G.V. Kromah (ALCOP) 25,059 4.02%
Cletus Wotorson (LAP) [ALLIANCE] 15,969 2.57%
Gabriel Baccus Matthews (UPP) 15,604 2.51%
Togba-Nah Tipoteh (LPP) 10,010 1.61%
George Boley (NDPL) 7,843 1.26%
Harry Moniba (LINU) 6,708 1.08%
George T. Washington (PDPL) 3,497 0.56%
Martin Sheriff (NRP) 2,965 0.48%
Chea Cheapoo (PPP) 2,142 0.34%
Henry Fahnbulleh (RAP) 2,067 0.33%
Fayah Gbollie (FDP) 2,016 0.32%
 
19 July 1997 Legislative Election*

Registered Voters

751,430

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

Invalid/Blank Votes

Not Available

Total Valid Votes

621,880

Party/[Coalition] % of Votes Senate House of Representatives
Number of Seats (26) Number of Seats (64)
National Patriotic Party (NPP) 75.33% 21 49
Unity Party (UP) 9.58% 3 7
All Liberian Coalition Party (ALCOP) 4.02% 2 3
Alliance of Political Parties [ALLIANCE] 2.57% - 2
United People's Party (UPP) 2.51% - 2
Liberian People's Party (LPP) 1.61% - 1
National Democratic Party of Liberia (NDPL) 1.26% - -
Liberia National Union (LINU) 1.08% - -
People's Democratic Party of Liberia (PDPL) 0.56% - -
National Reformation Party (NRP) 0.48% - -
Progressive People's Party (PPP) 0.34% - -
Reformation Alliance Party (RAP) 0.33% - -
Free Democratic Party (FDP) 0.32% - -
*Due to the system of proportional representation used in this election, legislative seats were won by parties on the basis of the percentage of the presidential vote won.
 
October/November 2005 Presidential Election
First Round (11 October 2005) [Results by County]

Registered Voters

1,352,730

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

1,012,673 (74.9%)

Invalid/Blank Votes

     38,883

Total Valid Votes

   973,790

Second Round (8 November 2005) [Results by County]

Registered Voters

1,352,730

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

   825,716 (61.0%)

Invalid/Blank Votes

     20,144

Total Valid Votes

   805,572

Candidate (Party) [Coalition] First Round Second Round
Number of Votes % of Votes Number of Votes % of Votes
Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf (UP) 192,326 19.75% 478,526 59.40%
George Weah (CDC) 275,265 28.27% 327,046 40.60%
Charles Brumskine (LP) 135,093 13.87% - -
Winston Tubman (NDPL) 89,623 9.20% - -
Varney Sherman (LAP) [COTOL] 76,403 7.85% - -
Roland Massaquoi (NPP) 40,361 4.14% - -
Joseph Korto (LERP) 31,814 3.27% - -
Alhaji G.V. Kromah (ALCOP) 27,141 2.79% - -
Togba-Nah Tipoteh (LPP) [APD] 22,766 2.34% - -
William "Shad" Tubman (RULP) 15,115 1.55% - -
John Morlu (LINU) [UDA] 12,068 1.24% - -
Nathaniel Barnes (LDP) 9,325 0.96% - -
Margaret Tor-Thompson (FAPL) 8,418 0.86% - -
Joseph Woah-Tee (LPL) 5,948 0.61% - -
Sekou Conneh (PRODEM) 5,499 0.56% - -
David Farhat (FDP) 4,497 0.46% - -
George Kieh, Jr. (NDM) 4,476 0.46% - -
Armah Jallah (NPL) 3,837 0.39% - -
Robert Kpoto (ULD) 3,825 0.39% - -
George Kiadii (NATVIPOL) 3,646 0.37% - -
Samuel Raymond Divine, Sr. 3,188 0.33% - -
Alfred Reeves (NRP) 3,156 0.32% - -
 
11 October 2005 Legislative Election*
Senate

Registered Voters

1,291,541

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

House of Representatives [Results by County]

Registered Voters

1,291,541

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

   987,911 (76.5%)

Invalid/Blank Votes

     52,550

Total Valid Votes

   935,361

Party/[Coalition] Senate House of Representatives
% of Votes Number of Seats (30) Number of Votes % of Votes Number of Seats (64)
Congress for Democratic Change (CDC) 14.94% 3 157,753 16.87% 15
Liberty Party (LP) 12.60% 3 125,496 13.42% 9
Coalition for the Transformation of Liberia [COTOL] 13.76% 7 137,897 14.74% 8
Unity Party (UP) 13.17% 4 123,373 13.19% 8
Alliance for Peace and Democracy [APD] 6.11% 3 38,285 4.09% 5
National Patriotic Party (NPP) 10.54% 3 78,751 8.42% 4
New Deal Movement (NDM) 0.25% - 35,721 3.82% 3
All Liberian Coalition Party (ALCOP) 2.60% 1 19,471 2.08% 2
National Democratic Party of Liberia (NDPL) 3.59% 2 29,402 3.14% 1
National Reformation Party (NRP) 0.71% 1 22,542 2.41% 1
United Democratic Alliance [UDA] 0.67% - 13,958 1.49% 1
Free Democratic Party (FDP) - - 19,326 2.07% -
Progressive Democratic Party (PRODEM) 1.02% - 11,997 1.28% -
Freedom Alliance Party of Liberia (FAPL) 0.77% - 11,126 1.19% -
Union of Liberian Democrats (ULD) 0.33% - 10,089 1.08% -
Labor Party of Liberia (LPL) 0.10% - 7,811 0.84% -
Liberia Equal Rights Party (LERP) - - 7,256 0.78% -
Reformed United Liberia Party (RULP) 0.79% - 6,252 0.67% -
Liberia Destiny Party (LDP) 0.20% - 5,493 0.59% -
National Vision Party of Liberia (NATVIPOL) - - 3,443 0.37% -
National Party of Liberia (NPL) - - 1,532 0.16% -
Independents 17.84% 3 68,387 7.31% 7
*61,189 registered Internally Displaced Persons (IDP's) were not allowed to participate in the legislative elections.
 
23 August 2011 Referendum*/** [Results by County]
Main Points: Four proposed amendments to the Liberian Constitution
Proposition 1
Main Points: Proposed amendment to Article 52(c), reducing requirements for Presidential and Vice-Presidential candidates, from 10 years to 5 years prior to the election.

Registered Voters

1,798,930

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

   615,703 (34.2%)

Invalid/Blank Votes

     76,912

Total Valid Votes

   538,791

"Yes" Votes

   292,318 (54.25%)

"No" Votes

   246,473 (45.75%)

Proposition 2
Main Points: Proposed amendment to Article 72(b), increasing the mandatory retirement age for all judges from 70 to 75 years of age.

Registered Voters

1,798,930

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

   615,703 (34.2%)

Invalid/Blank Votes

     72,317

Total Valid Votes

   543,386

"Yes" Votes

   221,163 (40.70%)

"No" Votes

   322,223 (59.30%)

Proposition 3
Main Points: Proposed amendment to Article 83(a), changing the date of national elections from the second Tuesday in October to the second Tuesday of November.

Registered Voters

1,798,930

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

   615,703 (34.2%)

Invalid/Blank Votes

     73,539

Total Valid Votes

   542,164

"Yes" Votes

   307,647 (56.74%)

"No" Votes

   234,517 (43.26%)

Proposition 4
Main Points: Proposed amendment to Article 83(b), introducing single round, first-past-the-post voting for all legislative and municipal elections.

Registered Voters

1,798,930

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

   615,703 (34.2%)

Invalid/Blank Votes

     76,333

Total Valid Votes

   539,370

"Yes" Votes

   364,901 (67.65%)

"No" Votes

   174,469 (32.35%)

*In the final results announced by the National Election Commission (NEC) on 31 August, the percentage of invalid/blank votes cast were included with the "Yes" and "No" votes to determine the final outcome for each proposition. Following a challenge of the results, the Supreme Court ruled on 20 September that the number of invalid/blank votes cast should have been excluded from the final results released by the NEC. The figures in the table above reflect the final results after the Supreme Court's ruling.
**Though all four proposed amendments were voted on in the same referendum, the constitution requires that each proposition be approved individually by a two-thirds majority of the electorate to be ratified. Proposition four met the requirements for ratification, while the other proposed amendments were rejected.
 
October/November 2011 Presidential Election
First Round (11 October 2011) [Results by County]

Registered Voters

1,798,930

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

1,288,716 (71.6%)

Invalid/Blank Votes

     82,074

Total Valid Votes

1,206,642

Second Round (8 November 2011)* [Results by County]

Registered Voters

1,798,930

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

   694,412 (38.6%)

Invalid/Blank Votes

     24,587

Total Valid Votes

   669,825

Candidate (Party) [Coalition] First Round Second Round
Number of Votes % of Votes Number of Votes % of Votes
Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf (UP) 530,020 43.93% 607,618 90.71%
Winston Tubman (CDC) 394,370 32.68% 62,207 9.29%
Prince Yormie Johnson (NUDP) 139,786 11.58% - -
Charles Brumskine (LP) 65,800 5.45% - -
Kennedy Sandy (LTP) 13,612 1.13% - -
Gladys Beyan (GDPL) 12,740 1.06% - -
Togba-Nah Tipoteh (FAPL) 7,659 0.63% - -
Dew Mayson (NDM) [NDC] 5,819 0.48% - -
Manjerngie Ndebe (LRP) 5,746 0.48% - -
Simeon Freeman (MPC) 5,559 0.46% - -
Marcus Roland Jones (VCP) 5,305 0.44% - -
James Guseh (CUP) 5,025 0.42% - -
Hananaiah Zoe (LEP) 4,463 0.37% - -
Chea Cheapoo (PPP) 4,085 0.34% - -
James Chelley (OCPOL) 4,008 0.33% - -
Jonathan Mason (ULD) 2,645 0.22% - -
*Congress for Democratic Change (CDC) candidate Winston Tubman withdrew prior to the second round of voting, but his name remained on the ballot and he garnered votes.
 
11 October 2011 Legislative Election

Registered Voters

1,798,930

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

1,283,087 (71.3%)

Invalid/Blank Votes

     86,874

Total Valid Votes

1,196,213

House of Representatives [Results by County]

Registered Voters

1,798,930

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

1,274,186 (70.8%)

Invalid/Blank Votes

     84,182

Total Valid Votes

1,190,004

Party/[Coalition] Senate House of Representatives
Number of Votes % of Votes Seats 2011 Number of Seats (30) Number of Votes % of
Votes
Number of Seats
(73)
Unity Party (UP) 164,851 13.78% 4 10 226,291 19.02% 24
Congress for Democratic Change (CDC) 259,161 21.67% 2 3 163,592 13.75% 11
Liberty Party (LP) 134,357 11.23% - 1 117,285 9.86% 7
National Union for Democratic Progress (NUDP) 51,494 4.30% 1 2 50,010 4.20% 6
National Democratic Coalition [NDC] 41,717 3.49% 1 1 70,580 5.93% 5
National Patriotic Party (NPP) 70,260 5.87% 4 6 42,420 3.56% 3
Alliance for Peace and Democracy (APD) 29,777 2.49% 1 2 26,537 2.23% 3
Movement for Progressive Change (MPC) 18,098 1.51% - - 30,205 2.54% 2
Liberia Transformation Party (LTP) 48,180 4.03% - - 57,734 4.85% 1
Liberia Destiny Party (LDP) 19,993 1.67% 1 1 13,310 1.12% 1
National Reformation Party (NRP) 714 0.06% - - 9,813 0.82% 1
National Democratic Party of Liberia (NDPL) 2,440 0.20% - 1 19,446 1.63% -
Original Congress Party of Liberia (OCPOL) 403 0.03% - - 17,613 1.48% -
Union of Liberian Democrats (ULD) 9,834 0.82% - - 15,199 1.28% -
Victory for Change Party (VCP) 6,956 0.58% - - 10,744 0.90% -
Progressive Democratic Party (PRODEM) - - - - 9,718 0.82% -
Liberia Empowerment Party (LEP) - - - - 9,174 0.77% -
Citizens Unification Party (CUP) - - - - 8,946 0.75% -
Grassroot Democratic Party of Liberia (GDPL) 4,515 0.38% - - 8,776 0.74% -
Liberia Reconstruction Party (LRP) - - - - 8,641 0.73% -
All Liberian Coalition Party (ALCOP) 9,745 0.81% - - 8,278 0.70% -
Freedom Alliance Party of Liberia (FAPL) 2,697 0.23% - - 7,077 0.59% -
Liberia National Union (LINU) 3,756 0.31% - - 5,347 0.45% -
Progressive People's Party (PPP) - - - - 1,015 0.09% -
Republican Party of Liberia (RPL) - - - - 991 0.08% -
National Social Democratic Party of Liberia (NSDPL) - - - - 850 0.07% -
Independents 317,265 26.52% 1 3 250,412 21.04% 9