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AFRICAN ELECTIONS DATABASE

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Elections in Mauritius
 
Political Profile
Political System: Democracy
President: Rajkeswur Purryag (MLP) [since 21 July 2012] The President is elected by the National Assembly for a 5-year term.
Prime Minister: Navin Ramgoolam (MLP) [AS] [since 05 July 2005] The Prime Minister is appointed by the President and responsible to the National Assembly.
National Assembly [unicameral] (70 Seats) 62 members are elected by direct popular vote in multi-member constituencies (20 three-member constituencies on Mauritius and one two-member constituency on the island of Rodrigues) using the Block Vote system. In addition, 8 Members are appointed from a list of unsuccessful candidates under a "best loser" system designed to provide "balanced" ethnic and political representation; members serve 5-year terms.
Political Situation since Independence
1968-        Democracy
2012 Freedom House Rating: Political Rights - 1, Civil Liberties - 2, Status: Free
Next Scheduled Presidential Election: May 2008
Next Scheduled National Assembly Election: 2010
Political Parties: CAM - Muslim Committee of Action, H - Hizbullah [Party of God], IFB - Independent Forward Block, MLP - Mauritius Labour Party* (social-democratic), MMM - Mauritian Militant Movement (far-left, socialist), MMSM - Mauritian Socialist Militant Movement (left-wing), MSM - Mauritian Socialist Movement (left-wing, social-democratic), MTD - Democratic Labour Movement, OPR - Organization of the People of Rodrigues, PGD - Gaetan Duval Party, MR - Republican Movement (left-wing), MR - Rodrigues Movement, PMSD - Mauritian Social Democratic Party, PMXD - Mauritian Party of Xavier Duval (conservative), PSM - Mauritian Socialist Party, VERTS-OF - Greens-Fraterenal Organization (left-wing).
*The French acronym PTr is sometimes used when referring to the party.
Coalitions: Alliance Coalition [Contested the 1987 Legislative Assembly Election] Member Parties include the Mauritian Socialist Movement (MSM), Mauritius Labour Party (MLP), Mauritian Social Democratic Party, and the Organization of the People of Rodrigues (OPR); Independence Party (IP) [Contested the 1967 Legislative Council and 1976 Legislative Assembly Elections] Member Parties include the Mauritius Labour Party (MLP), Independent Forward Block (IFB), and Muslim Committee of Action (CAM); Independence Party-Mauritian Social Democratic Party (IP-PMSD) [Contested 1976 Legislative Assembly Election]; Mauritius Labour Party-Mauritian Social Democratic Party (MLP-PMSD) [Contested the 1991 Legislative Assembly Election], Mauritian Labour Party-Mauritian Militant Movement (MLP-MMM) [Contested the 1995 National Assembly Election]; Mauritius Labour Party-Mauritian Party of Xavier Duval (MLP-PMXD) [Contested the 2000 National Assembly Election] Member parties include the Mauritius Labour Party (MLP), Mauritian Party of Xavier Duval (PMXD), and the Mauritian Socialist Militant Movement (MMSM); Mauritian Militant Movement-Mauritian Socialist Party (MMM-PSM) [Contested the 1982 Legislative Assembly Election]; Mauritian Socialist Movement-Mauritius Labour Party (MSM-MLP) [Contested the 1983 Legislative Assembly Election as part of the Mauritian Socialist Movement-Mauritius Labour Party-Mauritian Social Democratic Party Alliance]; Mauritian Socialist Movement-Mauritius Labour Party-Mauritian Social Democratic Party Alliance (MSM-MLP-PMSD) [Contested the 1983 Legislative Assembly Election] Member Parties include the Mauritian Socialist Movement-Mauritius Labour Party (MSM-MLP) and Mauritian Social Democratic Party (PMSD); Mauritian Socialist Movement-Mauritian Militant Movement (MSM-MMM) [Contested the 1991 Legislative Assembly Election] Member Parties include the Mauritian Socialist Movement (MSM), Mauritian Militant Movement (MMM), Democratic Labour Movement (MTD), and the Organization of the People of Rodrigues (OPR); [Contested the 2000 National Assembly Election] Member Parties are the Mauritian Socialist Movement (MSM) and Mauritian Militant Movement (MMM), Mauritian Social Democratic Party (PMSD), Republican Movement (MR), and the Greens-Fraternal Organization (VERTS-OF); [Contested the 2005 National Assembly Election] Member Parties include the Mauritian Socialist Movement (MSM), Mauritian Militant Movement (MMM), and the Mauritian Social Democratic Party (PMSD); National Alliance Party (PAN) [Contested the 1982 Legislative Assembly Election] Member parties include the Mauritius Labour Party (MLP) and several smaller parties; Social Alliance (AS) [Contested 2005 National Assembly Election] Member parties include the Mauritius Labour Party (MLP), Mauritian Party of Xavier Duval (PMXD), Mauritian Socialist Militant Movement (MMSM), Republican Movement (MR), and the Greens-Fraternal Organization (VERTS-OF); Union Coalition [Contested the 1987 Legislative Assembly Election] Member parties include the Mauritian Militant Movement (MMM), Democratic Labour Movement (MTD), and the Socialist Workers Front (FTS).
 
Election Results
 
 
Legislative: 1959, 1963, 1967, 1976, 1982, 1983, 1987, 1991, 1995, 2000, 2005
Rodrigues Regional Assembly: 2002
Municipal Council: 2001, 2005
 
 
09 March 1959 Legislative Council Election

Registered Voters

Not Available

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

Party

Number of Seats (40)

Mauritius Labour Party (MLP)

24

Independent Forward Bloc (IFB)

06

Muslim Committee of Action (CAM)

05

Mauritian Social Democratic Party (PMSD)

03

Independents

02

 
21 October 1963 Legislative Council Election

Registered Voters

Not Available

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

Party

Number of Seats (40)

Mauritius Labour Party (MLP)

19

Mauritian Social Democratic Party (PMSD)

08

Independent Forward Bloc (IFB)

07

Muslim Committee of Action (CAM)

04

Independents

02

 
07 August 1967 Legislative Council Election

Registered Voters

Not Available

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

Party/[Coalition]

Number of Seats
62 (70)*

Independence Party [IP]

39 (43)

 

Mauritius Labour Party (MLP)

 

24

Independent Forward Bloc (IFB)

11

Muslim Committee of Action (CAM)

04

Mauritian Social Democratic Party (PMSD)

23 (27)

*62 deputies were directly elected; 8 were appointed from list of unsuccessful candidates known as "best losers". Figures in parenthesis reflect the distribution of seats after the "best loser" appointees were added.
 
20 December 1976 Legislative Assembly Election

Registered Voters

462,034

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

Invalid/Blank Votes

Not Available

Total Valid Votes

407,526

Party/[Coalition]

Number of Seats
62 (70)*

Independence Party-Mauritian Social Democratic Party [IP-PMSD]

32 (36)

 

Independence Party (IP)

 

25 (28)

Mauritian Social Democratic Party (PMSD)

07 (08)

Mauritian Militant Movement (MMM)

30 (34)

*62 deputies were directly elected; 8 were appointed from list of unsuccessful candidates known as "best losers". Figures in parenthesis reflect the distribution of seats after the "best loser" appointees were added.
 
11 June 1982 Legislative Assembly Election

Registered Voters

Not Available

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

Invalid/Blank Votes

Not Available

Total Valid Votes

483,810

Party/[Coalition]

Number of Seats
62 (66)*

Mauritian Militant Movement-Mauritian Socialist Party [MMM-PSM]

60 (60)

 

Mauritian Militant Movement (MMM)

 

42 (42)

Mauritian Socialist Party (PSM)

18 (18)

National Alliance Party [PAN]

 -  (02)

Mauritian Social Democratic Party (PMSD)

 -  (02)

Organization of the People of Rodrigues (OPR)

02 (02)

*62 deputies were directly elected; 4 were appointed from list of unsuccessful candidates known as "best losers". Figures in parenthesis reflect the distribution of seats after the "best loser" appointees were added.
 
21 August 1983 Legislative Assembly Election

Registered Voters

551,708

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

470,008 (85.2%)

Invalid/Blank Votes

    5,543

Total Valid Votes

464,465

Party/[Coalition]

Number of Seats
62 (70)*

Mauritian Socialist Movement-Mauritius Labour Party-Mauritian Social Democratic Party Alliance [MSM-MLP-PMSD]

41 (46)

 

Mauritian Socialist Movement-Mauritius Labour Party [MSM-MLP]

 

37 (41)

Mauritian Social Democratic Party (PMSD)

04 (05)

Mauritian Militant Movement (MMM)

19 (22)

Organization of the People of Rodrigues (OPR)

02 (02)

*62 deputies were directly elected; 8 were appointed from list of unsuccessful candidates known as "best losers". Figures in parenthesis reflect the distribution of seats after the "best loser" appointees were added.
 
30 August 1987 Legislative Assembly Election

Registered Voters

Not Available

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

Party/Coalition

Number of Seats
62 (70)*

Alliance Coalition

41 (46)

 

Mauritian Socialist Movement (MSM)

 

26 (31)

Mauritius Labour Party (MLP)

09 (09)

Mauritian Social Democratic Party (PMSD)

04 (04)

Organization of the People of Rodrigues (OPR)

02 (02)

Union Coalition

21 (24)

 

Mauritian Militant Movement (MMM)

 

21 (24)

Democratic Labour Movement (MTD)

- (-)

Socialist Workers Front (FTS)

- (-)

*62 deputies were directly elected; 8 were appointed from list of unsuccessful candidates known as "best losers". Figures in parenthesis reflect the distribution of seats after the "best loser" appointees were added.
 
15 September 1991 Legislative Assembly Election

Registered Voters

682,000 (approx.)

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

Invalid/Blank Votes

Not Available

Total Valid Votes

573,419

Party/[Coalition]

Number of Seats
62 (66)*

Mauritian Socialist Movement-Mauritian Militant Movement [MSM-MMM]

59 (59)

 

Mauritian Socialist Movement (MSM)

 

29 (29)

Mauritian Militant Movement (MMM)

26 (26)

Democratic Labour Movement (MTD)

02 (02)

Organization of the People of Rodrigues (OPR)

02 (02)

Mauritius Labour Party-Mauritian Social-Democratic Party [MLP-PMSD]

03 (07)

*62 deputies were directly elected; 4 were appointed from the list of unsuccessful candidates under the "best loser" system. Figures in parenthesis reflect the distribution of seats after the "best loser" appointees were added.
 
20 December 1995 National Assembly Election

Registered Voters

712,513

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

567,810 (79.7%)

Invalid/Blank Votes

    8,805

Total Valid Votes

559,005

Party

Number of Seats
62 (66)*

Mauritius Labour Party-Mauritian Militant Movement [MLP-MMM]

60 (60)

 

Mauritius Labour Party (MLP)

 

35 (35)

Mauritian Militant Movement (MMM)

25 (25)

Organization of the People of Rodrigues (OPR)

02 (02)

Rodrigues Movement (MR)

 -  (02)

Gaetan Duval Party (PGD)

 -  (01)

Hizbullah (H)

 -  (01)

*62 deputies were directly elected; 4 were appointed from the list of unsuccessful candidates under the "best loser" system. Figures in parenthesis reflect the distribution of seats after the "best loser" appointees were added.
 
11 September 2000 National Assembly Election

Registered Voters

780,031

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

630,726 (80.9%)

Invalid/Blank Votes

    7,263

Total Valid Votes

623,463

Party/[Coalition]

Number of Seats
62 (70)*

Mauritian Militant Movement-Mauritian Socialist Movement [MMM-MSM]

54 (58)

Mauritius Labour Party-Mauritian Party of Xavier Duval [MLP-PMXD]

06 (08)

Organization of the People of Rodrigues (OPR)

02 (02)

Rodrigues Movement (MR)

 -  (02)

*62 deputies were directly elected; 8 were appointed from the list of unsuccessful candidates under the "best loser" system. Figures in parenthesis reflect the distribution of seats after the "best loser" appointees were added.
 
03 July 2005 National Assembly Election

Registered Voters

817,305

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

666,301 (81.5%)

Party/[Coalition]

Number of Seats
62 (70)*

Social Alliance [AS]

38 (42)

Mauritian Militant Movement-Mauritian Socialist Movement [MMM-MSM]

22 (24)

Organization of the People of Rodrigues (OPR)

02 (02)

Rodrigues Movement (MR)

 -  (02)

*62 deputies were directly elected; 8 were appointed from the list of unsuccessful candidates under the "best loser" system. Figures in parenthesis reflect the distribution of seats after the "best loser" appointees were added.