Elections in Togo
Political System: Restricted Democratic Practice
President: Faure Gnassingbé (RPT) [since 4 May 2005; elected 2005, re-elected 2010] The President is elected by direct popular vote for a 5-year term. Electoral System: Two Round (Run-off).
Prime Minister: Gilbert Houngbo [since 8 September 2008] The Prime Minister is appointed by the President.
National Assembly [unicameral] (81 Seats) Members are elected by direct popular vote in single-member constituencies using the party-list proportional representation system; members serve 5-year terms.
Electoral Authority: National Independent Electoral Commission
Political Situation since Independence
1961-1962 Restricted Democratic Practice
1962-1963 [De-Facto] One Party State (CUT)
1963 Transitional Government
1963-1967 Emerging Democracy
1967-1969 Military Regime
1969-1979 Military Regime & One Party State (RPT)
1979-1991 One Party State (RPT)
1991-1993 Multiparty Transition
1993- Restricted Democratic Practice
2012 Freedom House Rating: Political Rights - 5, Civil Liberties - 4, Status: Partly Free
Next Scheduled Presidential Election: 2015
Next Scheduled National Assembly Election: 2012
Political Parties: ADDI - Alliance of Democrats for Integral Development, ALLIANCE - Democratic Alliance for the Fatherland, ATD - Togolese Alliance for Democracy, CAR - Action Committee for Renewal (centrist), CDPA - Democratic Convention of African Peoples, CDPA-BT - Democratic Convention of African Peoples-Togolese Branch, CFN - Coordination of New Forces (centrist), CPP - Pan-African Patriotic Convergence, CUT - Committee of Togolese Unity, JUVENTO - Togolese Youth Movement [Justice, Union, Vigilance, Education, Nationalism, Tenacity, Optimism], MOCEP - Believers' Movement for Equality and Peace, MPT - Togolese People’s Movement, OBUTS - Organization for the Construction of a United Togo, PDP - Pan-African Democratic Party, PDR - Party for Democracy and Renewal, PRR - Party for Renewal and Redemption, PTP - Togolese Progress Party, PUT - Party of Togolese Unity, PSR - Socialist Pact for Renewal, RPT - Rally of the Togolese People (authoritarian), RSDD - Rally for the Support of Democracy and Development, UCPN - Union of Chiefs and Populations of the North, UDPS - Union for Democracy and Social Progress, UDS-Togo - Union of Socialist Democrats of Togo, UFC - Union of Forces for Change, UJD - Union of Justice and Democracy (authoritarian), ULI - Union of Independent Liberals, UTD - Togolese Union for Democracy (right-wing).
Coalitions: Coalition of Democratic Forces (CFD) [Boycotted the 2002 National Assembly Election] Parties in the coalition include the Alliance of Democrats for Integral Development (ADDI), Action Committee for Renewal (CAR), Democratic Convention of African Peoples (CDPA), Democratic Convention of African Peoples-Togolese Branch (CDPA-BT), Pan-African Patriotic Convergence (CPP), Party for Democracy and Renewal (PDR), Socialist Party for Renewal (PSR), Union of Socialist Democrats of Togo (UDS-Togo), and the Union of Forces for Change (UFC); Democratic Opposition [Contested the 2005 Presidential Election] Member parties in the coalition include the Alliance of Democrats for Integral Development (ADDI), Action Committee for Renewal (CAR), Democratic Convention of African Peoples (CDPA), Socialist Pact for Renewal (PSR), Union of Socialist Democrats of Togo (UDS-Togo), and the Union of Forces for Change (UFC); Republican Front for Alternation and Change (FRAC) [Supported Jean-Pierre Fabre in the 2010 Presidential Election] Member parties include the Union of Forces for Change (UFC), Alliance of Democrats for Integral Development (ADDI), Democratic Alliance for the Fatherland (ALLIANCE), Socialist Pact for Renewal (PSR), and the Sursaut-Togo Association.
Last Updated: 4 December 2010
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