Make your own free website on Tripod.com

AFRICAN ELECTIONS DATABASE

Home | About the Database | Terms & Definitions | Election Calendar | Election Chronology | Recent Elections | Electoral Authorities | Sub-National Elections | Freedom/Democracy/Human Rights | Site Updates | Links
Elections in Namibia
 
Political Profile
Political System: Democracy
President: Hifikepunye Pohamba (SWAPO) [since 21 March 2005; elected 2004, re-elected 2009] The President is elected by direct popular vote for a 5-year term. Electoral System: Two Round (Run-off).
Prime Minister: Nahas Angula (SWAPO) [since 21 March 2005] The Prime Minister is appointed by the President.
Parliament [bicameral]
--National Council (26 Seats) Two members from each of the 13 regions are chosen indirectly by directly-elected regional councillors; members serve 6-year terms.
--National Assembly (78 Seats) 72 members are elected by direct popular vote using the party-list proportional representation system, a maximum of 6 non-voting members may be appointed by the President; members serve 5-year terms.
Electoral Authority: Electoral Commission
Political Situation since Independence
1990-     Democracy
2012 Freedom House Rating: Political Rights - 2, Civil Liberties - 2, Status: Free
Next Scheduled Presidential Election: 2014
Next Scheduled National Council Election: 2016
Next Scheduled National Assembly Election: 2014
Political Parties: South West Africa (1926-1989): ACTUR - Action Front for the Retention of Turnhalle Principles, DB - German League in South West Africa, DTA - Democratic Turnhalle Alliance, FCPP - Federal Coloured People's Party, HNP - Herstigte Nasionale Party, NCDP - Namibia Christian Democratic Party, NNF - Namibia National Front, NPSWA - National Party of South West Africa, RLF - Rehoboth Liberation Front, SWAPO - South West Africa People's Organization, SWAPO-D - South West Africa People's Organization-Democrats, UNSWP - United National South West Party; Namibia (1989-Present): ACN - Action Christian National, APP - All People's Party, CDA - Christian Democratic Action for Social Justice, COD - Congress of Democrats (left-wing, social-democratic), CP - Communist Party, DCN - Democratic Coalition of Namibia (right-wing), DPN - Democratic Party of Namibia, DTA - Democratic Turnhalle Alliance (right-wing, conservative), FCN - Federal Convention of Namibia, MAG - Monitor Action Group (right-wing, Christian-conservative), NDMC - Namibia Democratic Movement for Change, NDP - National Democratic Party, NNF - Namibia National Front, NPF - Namibia Patriotic Front, NUDO - National Unity Democratic Organization, RDP - Rally for Democracy and Progress, RP - Republican Party, SWAPO - South West Africa People's Organization (far-left), SWANU - South West Africa National Union, UDF - United Democratic Front (centrist)
Coalitions: South West Africa National Union-Workers Revolutionary Party (SWANU-WRP) [Contested 1999 National Assembly Election]
 
Election Results
Note: Only citizens of European "White" Descent were allowed to participate in elections until 1978.
 
 
SOUTH WEST AFRICA
Legislative: 1926, 1929, 1934, 1940, 19451950, 1955, 1961, 1965, 1970, 1974, 1978
Local, Regional, & Ethnically Based Elections: (1970-1980)
 
NAMIBIA
Presidential: 1994, 1999, 2004, 2009
Legislative
--National Council: 1992, 1998, 2004, 2010
--Constituent Assembly: 1989
--National Assembly: 1994, 1999, 2004, 2009
Referendums
--Sub-National: 1990
Regional Council: 2004
Local Authority: 2004
 
 
26 May 1926 Legislative Assembly Election

Registered Voters

Not Available

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

Party Number of Seats (12)*
United National South West Party (UNSWP) 7
National Party of South West Africa (NPSWA) 3
Independents 2
*An additional 6 members were appointed by the Administrator - 4 South Africans and 2 Germans.
 
3 July 1929 Legislative Assembly Election

Registered Voters

Not Available

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

Party Number of Seats (12)*
United National South West Party (UNSWP) 8
German League in South West Africa (DB) 4
*An additional 6 members were appointed by the Administrator - 3 South Africans and 3 Germans.
 
31 October 1934 Legislative Assembly Election

Registered Voters

Not Available

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

Party Number of Seats (12)
United National South West Party (UNSWP) 9
Others 3
 
21 February 1940 Legislative Assembly Election

Registered Voters

Not Available

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

Party Number of Seats (12)
United National South West Party (UNSWP) 10
National Party of South West Africa (NPSWA) 2
 
19 May 1945 Legislative Assembly Election**

Registered Voters

Not Available

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

Party Number of Seats (16)*
United National South West Party (UNSWP) 16
*Directly-elected seats only.
**The National Party of South West Africa
(NPSWA) won no seats in the election, but the South West Africa administrator appointed two of the party's members to the assembly.
 
30 August 1950 Legislative Assembly Election

Registered Voters

Not Available

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

Party Number of Seats (18)
National Party of South West Africa (NPSWA) 15
United National South West Party (UNSWP) 3
 
16 November 1955 Legislative Assembly Election

Registered Voters

Not Available

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

Party Number of Seats (18)
National Party of South West Africa (NPSWA) 16
United National South West Party (UNSWP) 2
 
8 March 1961 Legislative Assembly Election

Registered Voters

Not Available

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

Party Number of Seats (18)
National Party of South West Africa (NPSWA) 16
United National South West Party (UNSWP) 2
 
15 September 1965 Legislative Assembly Election

Registered Voters

37,264

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

Party Number of Seats (18)
National Party of South West Africa (NPSWA) 18
 
20 April 1970 Legislative Assembly Election

Registered Voters

Not Available

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

Party Number of Seats (18)
National Party of South West Africa (NPSWA) 18
 
24 April 1974 Legislative Assembly Election

Registered Voters

Not Available

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

Party Number of Seats (18)
National Party of South West Africa (NPSWA) 18
 
4-8 December 1978 Legislative Assembly Election*

Registered Voters

412,635

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

331,055 (80.2%)

Invalid/Blank Votes

    4,791

Total Valid Votes

326,264

Party Number of Votes % of Votes Number of Seats (50)
Democratic Turnhalle Alliance (DTA) 268,130 82.18% 41
Action Front for the Retention of Turnhalle Principles (ACTUR) 38,716 11.87% 6
Namibia Christian Democratic Party (NCDP) 9,073 2.78% 1
Herstigte Nasionale Party (HNP) 5,781 1.77% 1
Rehoboth Liberation Front (RLF) 4,564 1.40% 1
*The South West Africa People's Organization (SWAPO), South West Africa People's Organization-Democrats (SWAPO-D), and Namibia National Front (NNF) were excluded from the election.
 
Local, Regional, & Ethnically Based Elections
11 March 1970 - Local Authority "all-White" elections are held
1-2 August 1973 - Elections held in Ovamboland (Voter Turnout Approximately 2.5%)
29-30 August 1973 - Elections held in Kavangoland (66.2% Turnout)
30 October 1974 - Elections held for the South West Africa Coloured Council (Won by the Federal Coloured People's Party - FCPP)
January 1975 - New Elections held in Ovamboland after a very low turnout in the 1973 poll
27 July 1976 - Elections for the Lozi Legislative Assembly take place in the Eastern Caprivi Strip (83% Turnout)
31 October 1977 - Elections for the Rehoboth Volksraad [Assembly] are held
11-13 November 1980 - Elections for the nine ethnic authorities take place (No ethnic elections take place in Ovamboland, the Caprivi Strip, Bushmanland and Rehoboth)
 
7-11 November 1989 Constituent Assembly Election*

Registered Voters

701,483

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

680,788 (97.0%)

Invalid/Blank Votes

    9,958

Total Valid Votes

670,830

Party Number of Votes % of Votes Number of Seats (72)
South West Africa People's Organization (SWAPO) 384,567 57.33% 41
Democratic Turnhalle Alliance (DTA) 191,532 28.55% 21
United Democratic Front (UDF) 37,874 5.65% 4
Action Christian National (ACN) 23,728 3.53% 3
National Patriotic Front (NPF) 10,693 1.59% 1
Federal Convention of Namibia (FCN) 10,452 1.56% 1
Namibia National Front (NNF) 5,344 0.80% 1
South West Africa People's Organization-Democrats (SWAPO-D) 3,161 0.47% -
Christian Democratic Action for Social Justice (CDA) 2,495 0.37% -
National Democratic Party (NDP) 984 0.15% -
Note: The President could appoint as many as six non-voting members to the National Assembly.
*Upon independence, 21 March 1990, the Constituent Assembly became the National Assembly.
 
7-8 December 1994 Presidential Election [Results by Region]

Registered Voters

654,189

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

497,508 (76.0%)

Invalid/Blank Votes

  12,213

Total Valid Votes

485,295

Candidate (Party) Number of Votes % of Votes
Sam Nujoma (SWAPO) 370,452 76.34%
Mishake Muyongo (DTA) 114,843 23.66%
 
7-8 December 1994 National Assembly Election

Registered Voters

654,189

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

497,499 (76.0%)

Invalid/Blank Votes

    7,863

Total Valid Votes

489,636

Party Number of Votes % of Votes Number of Seats (72)
South West Africa People's Organization (SWAPO) 361,800 73.89% 53
Democratic Turnhalle Alliance (DTA) 101,748 20.78% 15
United Democratic Front (UDF) 13,309 2.72% 2
Democratic Coalition of Namibia (DCN) 4,058 0.83% 1
Monitor Action Group (MAG) 4,005 0.82% 1
South West African National Union (SWANU) 2,598 0.53% -
Federal Convention of Namibia (FCN) 1,166 0.24% -
Workers Revolutionary Party (WRP) 952 0.19% -
Note: The President could appoint as many as six non-voting members to the National Assembly.
 
30 November-1 December 1999 Presidential Election

Registered Voters

878,869

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

545,465 (62.1%)

Invalid/Blank Votes

    6,441

Total Valid Votes

539,024

Candidate (Party) Number of Votes % of Votes
Sam Nujoma (SWAPO) 414,096 76.82%
Ben Ulenga (COD) 56,541 10.49%
Katuutire Kaura (DTA) 52,752 9.79%
Justus GaroŽb (UDF) 15,635 2.90%
 
30 November-1 December 1999 National Assembly Election

Registered Voters

861,848

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

541,114 (62.8%)

Invalid/Blank Votes

    5,078

Total Valid Votes

536,036

Party/[Coalition] Number of Votes % of Votes Number of Seats (72)
South West Africa People's Organization (SWAPO) 408,174 76.15% 55
Congress of Democrats (COD) 53,289 9.94% 7
Democratic Turnhalle Alliance (DTA) 50,824 9.48% 7
United Democratic Front (UDF) 15,685 2.93% 2
Monitor Action Group (MAG) 3,618 0.67% 1
South West Africa National Union-Workers Revolutionary Party [SWANU-WRP] 1,885 0.35% -
Democratic Coalition of Namibia (DCN) 1,797 0.34% -
Federal Convention of Namibia (FCN) 764 0.14% -
Note: The President could appoint as many as six non-voting members to the National Assembly.
 
15-16 November 2004 Presidential Election

Registered Voters

977,742

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

833,165 (85.2%)

Invalid/Blank Votes

  14,805

Total Valid Votes

818,360

Candidate (Party) Number of Votes % of Votes
Hifikepunye Pohamba (SWAPO) 625,605 76.44%
Ben Ulenga (COD) 59,547 7.28%
Katuutire Kaura (DTA) 41,905 5.12%
Kuaima Riruako (NUDO) 34,616 4.23%
Justus GaroŽb (UDF) 31,354 3.83%
Henk Mudge (RP) 15,955 1.95%
Kosie Pretorius (MAG) 9,378 1.15%
 
15-16 November 2004 National Assembly Election*

Registered Voters

977,742 (977,742)

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

827,042 (829,269) [84.6% (84.8%)]

Invalid/Blank Votes

  11,405   (10,830)

Total Valid Votes

815,637 (818,439)

Party Number of Votes % of Votes** Number of Seats (72)
South West Africa People's Organization (SWAPO) 620,787
(620,609)
76.11%
(75.83%)
55 (55)
Congress of Democrats (COD) 59,465
(59,464)
7.29%
(7.27%)
5 (5)
Democratic Turnhalle Alliance (DTA) 41,714
(42,070)
5.11%
(5.14%)
4 (4)
National Unity Democratic Organization (NUDO) 33,874
(34,814)
4.15%
(4.25%)
3 (3)
United Democratic Front (UDF) 29,336
(30,355)
3.60%
(3.71%)
3 (3)
Republican Party (RP) 15,965
(16,187)
1.96%
(1.98%)
1 (1)
Monitor Action Group (MAG) 6,920
(6,950)
0.85%
(0.85%)
1 (1)
Namibia Democratic Movement for Change (NDMC) 4,138
(4,380)
0.51%
(0.54%)
- (-)
South West Africa National Union (SWANU) 3,438
(3,610)
0.42%
(0.44%)
- (-)
Note: The President could appoint as many as six non-voting members to the National Assembly.
*After the election, two opposition parties, the Congress of Democrats (COD) and the Republican Party (RP), questioned the high voter turnout and the counting process and formally filed a court application to have the polls declared null and void, or to have all ballots recounted. On 10 March 2005, the High Court in Windhoek ordered a recount of the ballots within five days of the judgment. Results of the recount appear within the parentheses.
**Most Sources, including the government's site, gave the following sets of figures regarding percentage of votes received: SWAPO 75.1%, COD 7.2%, DTA 5.0%, NUDO 4.1%, UDF 3.5%, RP 1.9%, MAG 0.8%, NDMC 0.5%, and SWANU 0.4%. Invalid ballots constitute the remaining 1.4% of votes cast. Percentage figures in the table above exclude the invalid ballots. This statement applies only to the percentage figures [not in parentheses] released before the recount.
 
27-28 November 2009 Presidential Election

Registered Voters

Not Available

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

812,233 (N/A)

Invalid/Blank Votes

  12,363

Total Valid Votes

799,870

Candidate (Party) Number of Votes % of Votes
Hifikepunye Pohamba (SWAPO) 611,241 76.42%
Hidipo Hamutenya (RDP) 88,640 11.08%
Katuutire Kaura (DTA) 24,186 3.02%
Kuaima Riruako (NUDO) 23,735 2.97%
Justus GaroŽb (UDF) 19,258 2.41%
Ignatius Shixwameni (APP) 9,981 1.25%
Henk Mudge (RP) 9,425 1.18%
Ben Ulenga (COD) 5,812 0.73%
Usutuaije Maamberua (SWANU) 2,968 0.37%
David Isaacs (DPN) 1,859 0.23%
Frans Goagoseb (NDMC) 1,760 0.22%
Attie Beukes (CP) 1,005 0.13%
 
27-28 November 2009 National Assembly Election

Registered Voters

Not Available

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

811,143 (N/A)

Invalid/Blank Votes

  10,576

Total Valid Votes

800,567

Party Number of Votes % of Votes Number of Seats (72)
South West Africa People's Organization (SWAPO) 602,580 75.27% 54
Rally for Democracy and Progress (RDP) 90,556 11.31% 8
Democratic Turnhalle Alliance (DTA) 25,393 3.17% 2
National Unity Democratic Organization (NUDO) 24,422 3.05% 2
United Democratic Front (UDF) 19,489 2.43% 2
All People's Party (APP) 10,795 1.35% 1
Republican Party (RP) 6,541 0.82% 1
Congress of Democrats (COD) 5,375 0.67% 1
South West Africa National Union (SWANU) 4,989 0.62% 1
Monitor Action Group (MAG) 4,718 0.59% -
Democratic Party of Namibia (DPN) 1,942 0.24% -
Namibia Democratic Movement for Change (NDMC) 1,770 0.22% -
National Democratic Party (NDP) 1,187 0.15% -
Communist Party (CP) 810 0.10% -
Note: The President could appoint as many as six non-voting members to the National Assembly.