Elections in Rwanda
Political System: Restricted Democratic Practice
President: Paul Kagame (FPR) [since 22 April 2000; appointed vice president 1994, elected president by the Transitional National Assembly 2000, directly elected 2003, re-elected 2010] The President is elected by direct popular vote for a 7-year term. Electoral System: Two Round (Run-off).
Prime Minister: Pierre Damien Habumuremyi [since 7 October 2011] The Prime Minister is appointed by the president.
--Senate (26 Seats) 12 members are indirectly elected by provincial and sectoral councils, representing each province and the city of Kigali, 8 members are appointed by the president, 4 are appointed by the Forum of Political Organizations, and 2 members represent the universities and institutions of higher learning; members serve 8-year terms.
--Chamber of Deputies (80 Seats) 53 members are elected by direct popular vote using the party-list proportional representation system, 24 women are elected by electoral colleges from each province and the city of Kigali, 2 members are elected by the National Youth Council, and 1 member is elected by the Federation of the Associations of the Disabled; members serve 5-year terms.
Electoral Authority: National Electoral Commission
Political Situation since Independence
1962-1965 Restricted Democratic Practice
1965-1973 One Party State (MDR-PARMEHUTU)
1973-1975 Military Regime
1975-1978 [De Facto] One Party State (MRND)
1978-1991 One Party State (MRND)
1991-1994 Multiparty Transition
1994-2003 Transitional Government
2003- Restricted Democratic Practice
2012 Freedom House Rating: Political Rights - 6, Civil Liberties - 5, Status: Not Free
Next Scheduled Presidential Election: 2017
Next Scheduled Chamber of Deputies Election: 2013
Political Parties: APROSOMA - Association for Social Promotion of the Masses (predominately ethnic Hutu), FPR - Rwandan Patriotic Front (predominately ethnic Tutsi), MDR-PARMEHUTU - Democratic Republican Movement-Party of the Hutu Emancipation Movement (predominately ethnic Hutu), MRND - National Revolutionary Movement for Development, MRNDD - National Republican Movement for Democracy and Development (predominately ethnic Hutu), PARMEHUTU - Party of the Hutu Emancipation Movement (predominately ethnic Hutu), PDC - Centrist Democratic Party (predominately ethnic Hutu, center-right, christian-democratic, formerly Christian Democratic Party), PDI - Ideal Democratic Party (formerly Islamic Democratic Party), PL - Liberal Party (predominately ethnic Hutu, center-left, liberal), PPC - Party for Progress and Concord, PSD - Social Democratic Party (predominately ethnic Hutu, left-wing, social-democratic), PSP - Prosperity and Solidarity Party, PSR - Rwandan Socialist Party (social-democratic), RADER - Rwandese Democratic Rally, UDPR - Democratic Union of the Rwandan People, UNAR - Rwandese National Union (predominately ethnic Tutsi, monarchist).
Coalitions: Rwandan Patriotic Front-led Coalition [Contested 2003 Chamber of Deputies Election] Member parties include the Rwandan Patriotic Front (FPR), Centrist Democratic Party (PDC), Ideal Democratic Party (PDI), Rwandan Socialist Party (PSR), and the Democratic Union of the Rwandan People (UDPR); [Contested the 2008 Chamber of Deputies Election] Member parties include the Rwandan Patriotic Front (FPR), Centrist Democratic Party (PDC), Ideal Democratic Party (PDI), Party for Progress and Concord (PPC), Prosperity and Solidarity Party (PSP), Rwandan Socialist Party (PSR), and the Democratic Union of the Rwandan People (UDPR).
Last Updated: 13 October 2011
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