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AFRICAN ELECTIONS DATABASE

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Autonomous Island Elections in the Comoros
 
 
Note: On 17 May 2009, voters approved a series of revisions to the 2001 constitution in a national referendum. Autonomous island presidents became governors and the autonomous island assemblies became island councils. These changes went into effect on 23 May 2009.
 
Elections in Anjouan
 
Political Profile
Governor: Anissi Chamsidine [since 23 May 2011; elected 2010] The President is elected by direct popular vote for a 5-year term. Electoral System: Two Round (Run-off).
Island Council [unicameral] (19 Seats) Members are elected by direct popular vote using the first-past-the-post (simple majority) system; members serve 5-year terms.
Next Scheduled Island Presidential Election: 2015
Next Scheduled Island Council Election: 2014
 
 
Election Results
 
 
Gubernatorial (formerly Presidential): 2002, 2007, 2010
Island Council (formerly Island Assembly): 1999, 2004, 2009
Referendums: 1997, 1998, 2000, 2002
 
 
26 October 1997 Referendum*
Main Points: Independence of Anjouan from the Comoros with the intention of attaining a status similar to that of Mayotte (overseas territory of France).

Registered Voters

Not Available

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (approx. 95%)

Results % of Votes
"Yes" Votes 99.88%
"No" Votes 0.12%
*The election was conducted by secessionist authorities on the island. The results were not recognized by the Comoran government.
 
15 February 1998 Constitutional Referendum*
Main Points: Not Available

Registered Voters

143,855

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

126,600 (88.0%)

Results % of Votes
"Yes" Votes 99.54%
"No" Votes 0.46%
*The election was conducted by secessionist authorities on the island. The results were not recognized by the Comoran government.
 
15 August 1999 Island Legislative Assembly Election*

Registered Voters

Not Available

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

Hardline secessionists won an overwhelming majority in the election. About twenty-five constituencies were contested, in most of which a single candidate stood. The poll was marred by reports of intimidation.
*The election was conducted by secessionist authorities on the island. The results were not recognized by the Comoran government.
 
23 January 2000 Referendum
Main Points: Federal Union, Island Autonomy

Registered Voters

149,407

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

134,935 (90.3%)

Invalid/Blank Votes

           0

Total Valid Votes

134,935

Results Number of Votes % of Votes
"Yes" Votes 7,456 5.53%
"No" Votes 127,479 94.47%
 
10 March 2002 Constitutional Referendum
Main Points: Autonomy, Elected Island President and Assembly

Registered Voters

79,470

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

60,138 (75.7%)

Invalid/Blank Votes

     413

Total Valid Votes

59,725

Results Number of Votes % of Votes
"Yes" Votes 58,294 97.60%
"No" Votes 1,431 2.40%
 
31 March 2002 Island Presidential Election

Registered Voters

Not Available

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (72.6%)

Candidate % of Votes
Mohamed Bacar 69.8%
Ibrahim Halidi 10.5%
Others 19.7%
 
14 & 21 March 2004 Island Legislative Assembly Election

Registered Voters

Not Available

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

Party/Political Grouping Number of Seats (25)
Supporters of the Island President 20
Supporters of the Union President 5
 
10 June 2007 Island Presidential Election

Registered Voters

118,720

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

  64,974 (54.7%)

The Anjouan Island Presidential Election was initially scheduled to take place on 10 June 2007, but was delayed to June 17 due to instances of violence and intimidation during the run-up to voting. In defiance of the country's constitutional court, the island's authorities held the poll on 10 June. Mohamed Bacar, who had held the position of president from 2002 to April 2007, won 73.22% of the vote (down from an initial total of 89.65%). The four remaining candidates boycotted the election and the result was not recognized by the national government. Despite this, Bacar was sworn-in as president on 14 June 2007. On 25 March 2008, Bacar was removed from power in an African Union (AU)-backed military invasion.
 
First Round (15 June 2008)*

Registered Voters

Not Available

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (42.8%)

Second Round (29 June 2008)

Registered Voters

127,953

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (49.0%)

Invalid/Blank Votes

Not Available

Total Valid Votes

  59,025

Candidate First Round Second Round
% of Votes Number of Votes % of Votes
Mohamed Djaanfari 44.18% 28,084 47.58%
Moussa Toybou 40.12% 30,941 52.42%
Soundi Abdoulatuf 5.60% - -
Bastoine Soulaimana 4.89% - -
Bacar Abdou 4.85% - -
*The percentage of votes received by candidates in the first round does not add up to 100%, most likely (but unconfirmed) due to inclusion of the percentage of invalid/blank votes cast in the final results published by the constitutional court.
 
6 December 2009 Island Council Election
 
 
November/December 2010 Gubernatorial Election
First Round (7 November 2010)

Registered Voters

146,481

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

  62,641 (42.8%)

Invalid/Blank Votes

Not Available

Total Valid Votes

  57,900

Second Round (26 December 2010) 

Registered Voters

146,481

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

  64,492 (44.0%)

Invalid/Blank Votes

  14,002

Total Valid Votes

  50,490

Candidate First Round Second Round
Number of Votes % of Votes Number of Votes % of Votes
Moussa Toybou 25,920 44.77% 21,803 43.18%
Anissi Chamsidine 23,438 40.48% 28,687 56.82%
Nassuf Ahmed Abdallah 8,482 14.65% - -
Ali Djihadi 60 0.10% - -
 
 
Elections in Grande Comore
 
Political Profile
Governor: Mouigni Baraka Said Soilihi (ORANGE) [since 23 May 2011; elected 2010] The President is elected by direct popular vote for a 5-year term. Electoral System: Two Round (Run-off).
Island Council [unicameral] (23 Seats) Members are elected by direct popular vote using the first-past-the-post (simple majority) system; members serve 5-year terms.
Next Scheduled Island Presidential Election: 2015
Next Scheduled Island Council Election: 2014
Political Parties: CHUMA - Islands' Fraternity and Unity Party, CRC - Convention for the Renewal of the Comoros, DJAWABU*, FDC - Democratic Front of the Comoros, KASIYA*, MOUROUA - Movement for the Republic, Openness, and Unity of the Comoros Archipelago, MP-Union - Union Presidential Movement, ORANGE - Orange Movement, PCDP-Djamnazi - Comoran Party for Democracy and Progress, PSDC-Dudja - Social Democratic Party of the Comoros, RIDJA - Rally for a Development Initiative with an Enlightened Youth, RND-R - National Rally for Development-Renewal.
*Translated version of the political party acronym is not available.
 
 
Election Results
 
 
Gubernatorial (formerly Presidential): 2002, 2007, 2010
Island Council (formerly Island Assembly): 2004, 2009
Constitutional Referendums: 2002 (March), 2002 (April)
 
 
19 March 2002 Constitutional Referendum
Main Points: Autonomy, Elected Island President and Assembly

Registered Voters

Not Available

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

Results % of Votes
"Yes" Votes 41.1%
"No" Votes 58.9%
 
7 April 2002 Constitutional Referendum
Main Points: Autonomy, Elected Island President and Assembly

Registered Voters

147,490

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

  77,710 (52.7%)

Invalid/Blank Votes

    3,837

Total Valid Votes

  73,873

Results Number of Votes % of Votes
"Yes" Votes 55,437 75.04%
"No" Votes 18,436 24.96%
 
May 2002 Island Presidential Election
First Round (12 May 2002)

Registered Voters

Not Available

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (70.1%)

Second Round (19 May 2002)

Registered Voters

Not Available

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (71.8%)

Candidate First Round Second Round
% of Votes % of Votes
Abdou Soulé Elbak 17.10% 60.10%
Bakari Abdallah Boina 14.60% 39.90%
Kamar Ezamane Mohamed 10.90% -
Others 57.40% -
 
14 & 21 March 2004 Island Legislative Assembly Election

Registered Voters

Not Available

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

Party/Political Grouping Number of Seats (20)
Supporters of the Island President 14
Supporters of the Union President 6
 
June 2007 Island Presidential Election
First Round (10 June 2007)*

Registered Voters

184,134

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

112,535 (61.1%)

Invalid/Blank Votes

    6,178

Total Valid Votes

106,357

Second Round (24 June 2007)

Registered Voters

187,004

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

109,362 (58.5%)

Invalid/Blank Votes

    7,273

Total Valid Votes

102,089

Candidate (Party) First Round Second Round
Number of Votes % of Votes Number of Votes % of Votes
Mohamed Abdoulwahab (MP-Union) 17,640 16.83% 58,244 57.05%
Said Larifou (RIDJA) 15,249 14.55% 43,845 42.95%
Abdou Soulé Elbak (PCDP-Djamnazi) 13,618 13.00% - -
Kamar Ezamane Mohamed (UNDC) 8,798 8.40% - -
Houmed Ali Msaidié (CRC) 7,496 7.15% - -
Abdou Raouf 6,118 5.84% - -
Fahmi Said Ibrahim 5,569 5.31% - -
Ibrahim Ali Mzimba 5,548 5.29% - -
Mtara Maécha (RND-R) 4,316 4.12% - -
Said Abasse Dahalani (MOUROUA) 3,971 3.79% - -
Said Ali Kemal (CHUMA) 3,773 3.60% - -
Mohamed S. Abdallah Mchangama (KASIYA) 3,616 3.45% - -
Mohamed Elkabir 3,060 2.92% - -
Youssouf Said (DJAWABU) 1,930 1.84% - -
Maoulida Mabrouk 1,250 1.19% - -
Idriss Mohamed 1,224 1.17% - -
Mohamed Elhad 887 0.85% - -
Assany Mfoungoulié 730 0.70% - -
*Official results published by the constitutional court state that 104,621 valid votes were cast in the first round, but the distribution of votes among candidates totals 104,793 (a difference of 172 votes). Percentage figures in the table are based on the latter number of valid votes cast. Figures released by the constitutional court are as follows: Mohamed Abdoulwahab (16.94%), Said Larifou (14.55%), Abdou Soulé Elbak (12.98%), Kamar Ezamane Mohamed (8.37%), Houmed Ali Msaidié (7.01%), Abdou Raouf (5.99%), Fahmi Said Ibrahim (5.39%), Ibrahim Ali Mzimba (5.46%), Mtara Maécha (4.12%), Said Abasse Dahalani (3.91%), Said Ali Kemal (3.59%), Mohamed S. Abdallah Mchangama (3.45%), Mohamed Elkabir (2.91%), Youssouf Said (1.83%), Maoulida Mabrouk (1.19%), Idriss Mohamed (1.16%), Mohamed Elhad (0.76%), and Assany Mfoungoulié (0.30%).
 
6 December 2009 Island Council Election
 
 
November/December 2010 Gubernatorial Election
First Round (7 November 2010)

Registered Voters

216,448

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

122,976 (56.7%)

Invalid/Blank Votes

Not Available

Total Valid Votes

108,209

Second Round (26 December 2010) 

Registered Voters

216,448

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

121,824 (56.3%)

Invalid/Blank Votes

  20,661

Total Valid Votes

101,163

Candidate (Party) First Round Second Round
Number of Votes % of Votes Number of Votes % of Votes
Mouigni Baraka Said Soilihi (ORANGE) 27,763 25.66% 59,628 58.94%
Mohamed Abdoulwahab 25,461 23.53% 41,535 41.06%
Djaffar Mohamed Ahmed Mansoib 16,229 15.00% - -
Mohamed Issimaila (FDC) 10,999 10.16% - -
Ibrahima Mhoumadi Sidi 10,861 10.04% - -
Cheikh Ali Bakari Kassim (PSDC-Dudja) 6,718 6.21% - -
Ali Mohamed Ali 4,149 3.83% - -
Farid Soilihi 3,057 2.83% - -
Ibrahim Mbelizi 2972 2.75% - -
 
 
Elections in Mohéli
 
Political Profile
Governor: Mohamed Ali Said [since 1 July 2007; elected 2007, re-elected 2010] The President is elected by direct popular vote for a 5-year term. Electoral System: Two Round (Run-off).
Island Council [unicameral] (9 Seats) Members are elected by direct popular vote using the first-past-the-post (simple majority) system; members serve 5-year terms.
Next Scheduled Island Presidential Election: 2015
Next Scheduled Island Council Election: 2014
Political Parties: MSADA - Social Action Movement for Democracy and Alternation
 
 
Election Results
 
 
Gubernatorial (formerly Presidential): 2002, 2007, 2010
Island Council (formerly Island Assembly): 2004, 2009
Constitutional Referendum: 2002
 
 
10 March 2002 Constitutional Referendum
Main Points: Autonomy, Elected Island President and Assembly

Registered Voters

13,684

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

  6,656 (48.6%)

Invalid/Blank Votes

     212

Total Valid Votes

  6,444

Results Number of Votes % of Votes
"Yes" Votes 5,565 86.36%
"No" Votes 879 13.64%
 
March/April 2002 Island Presidential Election
First Round (31 March 2002)

Registered Voters

Not Available

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (82.7%)

Second Round (7 April 2002)

Registered Voters

Not Available

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (81.5%)

Candidate First Round Second Round
% of Votes % of Votes
Mohamed Hassanaly 26.20% 43.90%
Mohamed Said Fazul 22.20% 56.10%
Others 51.60% -
 
14 & 21 March 2004 Island Legislative Assembly Election

Registered Voters

Not Available

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

Party/Political Grouping Number of Seats (10)
Supporters of the Island President 9
Supporters of the Union President 1
 
June 2007 Island Presidential Election
First Round (10 June 2007)

Registered Voters

19,391

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

12,787 (65.9%)

Invalid/Blank Votes

     203

Total Valid Votes

12,584

Second Round (24 June 2007)

Registered Voters

19,680

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

12,544 (63.7%)

Invalid/Blank Votes

     625

Total Valid Votes

11,919

Candidate (Party) First Round Second Round
Number of Votes % of Votes Number of Votes % of Votes
Mohamed Ali Said 4,117 32.72% 6,812 57.15%
Mohamed Said Fazul 3,731 29.65% 5,107 42.85%
Abdou Djabir (MSADA) 3,174 25.22% - -
Abdallah Said Sarouma 808 6.42% - -
Fouad Mohadji 754 5.99% - -
 
6 December 2009 Island Council Election

Registered Voters

Not Available

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

Political Grouping Number of Seats (9)
Opposition 7
Presidential Movement 2
 
November/December 2010 Gubernatorial Election
First Round (7 November 2010)

Registered Voters

21,429

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

14,364 (67.0%)

Invalid/Blank Votes

     659

Total Valid Votes

13,705

Second Round (26 December 2010)

Registered Voters

21,420

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

13,375 (62.4%)

Invalid/Blank Votes

     594

Total Valid Votes

12,781

Candidate First Round Second Round
Number of Votes % of Votes Number of Votes % of Votes
Mohamed Ali Said 5,723 41.76% 6,859 53.67%
Ali Hilali Said 2,154 15.72% 5,922 46.33%
Ahmed Bacar Salim 1,866 13.62% - -
Said Ali Dahalane 1,534 11.19% - -
Ben Massonde Rachid 1,407 10.27% - -
Maoulana Abbacar Soilihi 1,021 7.45% - -