Make your own free website on Tripod.com

AFRICAN ELECTIONS DATABASE

Home | About the Database | Terms & Definitions | Election Calendar | Election Chronology | Recent Elections | Electoral Authorities | Sub-National Elections | Freedom/Democracy/Human Rights | Site Updates | Links
 
Elections in Zanzibar
 
Political Profile
Political System: Democracy
President: Ali Mohamed Shein (CCM) [since 3 November 2010; elected 2010] The President is elected by direct popular vote for a 5-year term. Electoral System: First Past The Post.
House of Representatives [unicameral] (81 Seats) 50 Members are elected by direct popular vote in single-member constituencies using the first-past-the-post system, 10 members are appointed by the President, 5 are reserved for government-appointed regional commissioners, and 15 are filled by women on a party basis in proportion to the elected seats. One seat is reserved for the Attorney-General; members serve 5-year terms.
Electoral Authority: Zanzibar Electoral Commission
Political Situation since Independence/Unification
1963-1964 Emerging Democracy
1964-1965 [De-Facto] One Party State (ASP)
1965-1992 One Party State (ASP/CCM)
1992-1995 Multiparty Transition
1995-2010 Restricted Democratic Practice
2010-        Democracy
Next Scheduled Presidential Election: 2015
Next Scheduled House of Representatives Election: 2015
Political Parties: AFP - Association of Farmers Party, ASP - Afro-Shirazi Party, CCM - Chama Cha Mapinduzi, CUF - Civic United Front, DP - Democratic Party, Jahazi Asilia*, MA - Muslim Association, NCCR-Mageuzi - National Convention for Construction and Reform-Mageuzi, NRA - National Reconstruction Alliance, SAU - Sauti ya Umma, TADEA - Tanzania Democratic Aliiance, ZNP - Zanzibar Nationalist Party, ZPPP - Zanzibar and Pemba People’s Party
Coalitions: Zanzibar Nationalist Party-Zanzibar and Pemba People's Party (ZNP-ZPPP) [Constested the June 1961 Legislative Council and 1963 National Assembly Elections]
*Party Acronym not available.
 
Election Results
 
 
Presidential
--Single Party: 1980, 1984, 1985, 1990
--Multiparty: 1995, 2000, 2005, 2010
Legislative
--Single Party: 1980, 1985, 1990
--Multiparty: 1957, January 1961 , June 1961, 1963, 1995, 2000, 2005, 2010
Referendum: 2010
 
 
22 July 1957 Legislative Council Election

Registered Voters

39,833

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

35,980 (90.3%)

Invalid/Blank Votes

     619

Total Valid Votes

35,361

Party Number of Votes % of Votes Number of Seats (6)
Afro-Shirazi Party (ASP) 21,632 61.17% 5
Zanzibar Nationalist Party (ZNP) 7,761 21.95% -
Muslim Association (MA) 5,968 16.88% 1
Others -
Note: Only men age 25 and older who met certain income and educational qualifications were eligible to vote in the election.
 
17 January 1961 Legislative Council Election [Detailed Results]

Registered Voters

94,310

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

Invalid/Blank Votes

Not Available

Total Valid Votes

84,963

Party Number of Votes % of Votes Number of Seats (22)
Afro-Shirazi Party (ASP) 36,698 43.19% 10
Zanzibar Nationalist Party (ZNP) 32,724 38.52% 9
Zanzibar and Pemba People's Party (ZPPP) 15,541 18.29% 3
 
1 June 1961 Legislative Council Election [Detailed Results]

Registered Voters

94,218

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

90,595 (96.2%)

Invalid/Blank Votes

  1,331

Total Valid Votes

89,264

Party/[Coalition] Number of Votes % of Votes Number of Seats (23)
Zanzibar Nationalist Party-Zanzibar and Pemba People's Party
[ZNP-ZPPP]
44,092 49.40% 13

Zanzibar Nationalist Party (ZNP) (31,681) (35.49%)
(10)
Zanzibar and Pemba People's Party (ZNPP) (12,411) (13.90%) (3)
Afro-Shirazi Party (ASP) 45,172 50.60% 10
 
8-11 July 1963 National Assembly Election [Detailed Results]

Registered Voters

165,044

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

163,510 (99.1%)

Invalid/Blank Votes

    2,866

Total Valid Votes

160,644

Party/[Coalition] Number of Votes % of Votes Number of Seats (31)
Zanzibar Nationalist Party-Zanzibar and Pemba People's Party
[ZNP-ZPPP]
73,559 45.79% 18
Zanzibar Nationalist Party (ZNP) (47,950) (29.85%)
(12)
Zanzibar and Pemba People's Party (ZNPP) (25,609) (15.94%) (6)
Afro-Shirazi Party (ASP) 87,085 54.21% 13
 
Single Party Elections
Sole Legal Party: Afro-Shirazi Party (ASP) 1965-1977, Chama Cha Mapinduzi (CCM) 1977-1992
26 October 1980 Presidential Election (Aboud Jumbe elected unopposed)
October 1980 House of Representatives Election
19 April 1984 Presidential Election (Ali Hassan Mwinyi elected unopposed)
13 October 1985 Presidential Election (Idris Abdul Wakil elected unopposed)
October 1985 House of Representatives Election
21 October 1990 Presidential Election (Salmin Amour elected unopposed)
October 1990 House of Representatives Election
 
22 October 1995 Presidential Election [Results by Region]

Registered Voters

348,934

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

333,899 (95.7%)

Invalid/Blank Votes

    4,922

Total Valid Votes

328,977

Candidate (Party) Number of Votes % of Votes
Salmin Amour (CCM) 165,271 50.24%
Seif Sharif Hamad (CUF) 163,706 49.76%
 
22 October 1995 House of Representatives Election

Registered Voters

348,934

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

Invalid/Blank Votes

Not Available

Total Valid Votes

316,385

Party Number of Votes % of Votes Number of Seats (50)*
Chama Cha Mapinduzi (CCM) 156,031 49.32% 26
Civic United Front (CUF) 158,453 50.08% 24
Tanzania Democratic Alliance (TADEA) 1,247 0.39% -
Tanzania Labour Party (TLP) 460 0.15% -
United Democratic Party (UDP) 112 0.04% -
Chama cha Demokrasia na Maendeleo (CHADEMA) 82 0.03% -
*Directly-elected seats only.
 
29 October/5 November 2000 Presidential Election*

Registered Voters

Not Available

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

Invalid/Blank Votes

Not Available

Total Valid Votes

370,095

Candidate (Party) Number of Votes % of Votes
Amani Abeid Karume (CCM) 248,095 67.04%
Seif Sharif Hamad (CUF) 122,000 32.96%
*There was a re-run of the elections in 16 of Zanzibar's 50 constituencies on 5 November after the Zanzibar Electoral Commission nullified the results of the 29 October poll due to major irregularities. The Civic United Front (CUF) boycotted the re-run elections due to their failed attempt to have all results from the 29 October election nullified.
 
29 October/5 November 2000 House of Representatives Election*

Registered Voters

Not Available

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

Party Number of Seats (50)**
Chama Cha Mapinduzi (CCM) 34
Civic United Front (CUF) 16
*There was a re-run of the elections in 16 of Zanzibar’s 50 constituencies on 5 November after the Zanzibar Electoral Commission nullified the results of the 29 October poll due to major irregularities. The Civic United Front (CUF) boycotted the re-run elections due to their failed attempt to have all results from the 29 October election nullified.
**Directly-elected seats only.
 
30 October 2005 Presidential Election

Registered Voters

507,225

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

460,581 (90.8%)

Invalid/Blank Votes

    9,613

Total Valid Votes

450,968

Candidate (Party) Number of Votes % of Votes
Amani Abeid Karume (CCM) 239,832 53.18%
Seif Sharif Hamad (CUF) 207,733 46.06%
Haji Mussa Kitole (Jahazi Asilia) 2,110 0.47%
Abdallah Ali Abdallah (DP) 509 0.11%
Simai Abdulrahman Abdallah (NRA) 449 0.10%
Mariam Omar (SAU) 335 0.07%
 
30 October 2005 House of Representatives Election

Registered Voters

507,225

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

Party Number of Seats (50)**
Chama Cha Mapinduzi (CCM) 30
Civic United Front (CUF) 19
Undeclared* 1
*The result in one constituency was nullified by the electoral commission. A re-run of the election was held on 14 December 2005, but it is unclear who won the seat.
**Directly-elected seats only.
 
31 July 2010 Referendum
Main Points: Creation of a power-sharing Government of National Unity after the 31 October 2010 elections.
Ballot Question: Do you agree that a new form of government will be formed after the General Election of 2010?

Registered Voters

407,669

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

293,039 (71.9%)

Invalid/Blank Votes

    8,721

Total Valid Votes

284,318

Results Number of Votes % of Votes
"Yes" Votes 188,705 66.37%
"No" Votes 95,613 33.63%
 
31 October 2010 Presidential Election [Results by Region]

Registered Voters

407,658

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

364,924 (89.5%)

Invalid/Blank Votes

    6,109

Total Valid Votes

358,815

Candidate (Party) Number of Votes % of Votes
Ali Mohamed Shein (CCM) 179,809 50.11%
Seif Sharif Hamad (CUF) 176,338 49.14%
Kassim Bakari Ali (Jahazi Asilia) 803 0.22%
Haji Khamis Haji (NRA) 525 0.15%
Juma Ali Khatib (TADEA) 497 0.14%
Said Soud Said (AFP) 480 0.13%
Ambar Haji Khamis (NCCR-Mageuzi) 363 0.10%
 
31 October 2010 House of Representatives Election [Results by Region]

Registered Voters

407,658

Total Votes (Voter Turnout)

Not Available (N/A)

Invalid/Blank Votes

Not Available

Total Valid Votes

354,386

Party Number of Votes % of Votes Number of Seats (50)*
Chama Cha Mapinduzi (CCM) 178,091 50.25% 28
Civic United Front (CUF) 168,082 47.43% 22
Jahazi Asilia 3,567 1.01% -
Chama cha Demokrasia na Maendeleo (CHADEMA) 2,175 0.61% -
National Convention for Construction and Reform-Mageuzi
(NCCR-Mageuzi)
1,046 0.30% -
Tanzania Democratic Alliance (TADEA) 651 0.18% -
Tanzania Labour Party (TLP) 267 0.08% -
Sauti ya Umma (SAU) 160 0.05% -
National Reconstruction Alliance (NRA) 111 0.03% -
Association of Farmers Party (AFP) 91 0.03% -
Demokrasia Makini (MAKINI) 84 0.02% -
Democratic Party (DP) 61 0.02% -
*Directly-elected seats only.