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AFRICAN ELECTIONS DATABASE

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Press Freedom in Africa 2006
 

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 Table of African Countries
up or down indicates a change in Status since the last survey.
 
Country Legal Environment (0-30) Political Environment (0-40) Economic Environment (0-30) Total Score
(0-100)
Status
Angola 19 25 21 65 Not Free
Benin 11 9 10 30 Free
Botswana 8 16 11 35 Partly Free
Burkina Faso 11 14 13 38 Partly Free
Burundi 21 29 24 74 Not Free
Cameroon 19 24 22 65 Not Free
Cape Verde 7 12 13 32 Partly Free
Central African Republic 21 22 18 61 Not Free
Chad 23 29 21 73 Not Free
Comoros 12 20 15 47 Partly Free
Congo-Brazzaville 17 17 17 51 Partly Free
Congo-Kinshasa 25 31 25 81 Not Free
Côte d'Ivoire 18 28 19 65 Not Free
Djibouti 23 25 21 69 Not Free
Equatorial Guinea 27 34 27 88 Not Free
Eritrea 28 39 24 91 Not Free
Ethiopia 27 28 20 75 Not Free
Gabon 24 23 20 67 Not Free
The Gambia 24 30 19 73 Not Free
Ghana 9 10 9 28 Free
Guinea 23 28 16 67 Not Free
Guinea-Bissau 13 17 17 47 Partly Free
Kenya 20 20 18 58 Partly Free
Lesotho 13 15 14 42 Partly Free
Liberia 19 23 22 64 Not Free
Madagascar 15 19 15 49 Partly Free
Malawi 16 22 17 55 Partly Free
Mali 6 10 8 24 Free
Mauritania 19 20 18 57 Partly Free
Mauritius 6 8 12 26 Free
Mozambique 12 17 14 43 Partly Free
Namibia 8 10 12 30 Free
Niger 21 19 16 56 Partly Free
Nigeria 15 21 18 54 Partly Free
Rwanda 24 35 26 85 Not Free
São Tomé & Príncipe 4 11 14 29 Free
Senegal 12 20 12 44 Partly Free
Seychelles 20 21 19 60 Partly Free
Sierra Leone 19 22 18 59 Partly Free
Somalia 26 33 24 83 Not Free
South Africa 7 11 9 27 Free
Sudan 27 32 26 85 Not Free
Swaziland 25 27 25 77 Not Free
Tanzania 16 19 15 50 Partly Free
Togo 23 34 21 78 Not Free
Uganda 19 20 13 52 Partly Free
Zambia 19 24 21 64 Not Free
Zimbabwe 30 25 25 90 Not Free
 
Survey Methodology
The Legal Environment encompasses both an examination of the laws and regulations that could influence media content as well as the government's inclination to use these laws and legal institutions in order to restrict the media's ability to operate. Issues assessed include the positive impact of legal and constitutional guarantees for freedom of expression; the potentially negative aspects of security legislation, the penal code and other criminal statutes; penalties for libel and defamation; the existence of and ability to use Freedom of Information legislation; the independence of the judiciary and of official media regulatory bodies; registration requirements for both media outlets and journalists; and the ability of journalists' groups to operate freely.
Under the category of Political Environment, the survey evaluates the degree of political control over the content of news media. Issues examined in this category include the editorial independence of both the state-owned and privately-owned media; access to information and sources; official censorship and self-censorship; the vibrancy of the media; the ability of both foreign and local reporters to cover the news freely and without harassment; and the intimidation of journalists by the state or other actors, including arbitrary detention and imprisonment, violent assaults, and other threats.
Economic Environment: This includes the structure of media ownership; transparency and concentration of ownership; the costs of establishing media as well as of production and distribution; the selective withholding of advertising or subsidies by the state or other actors; the impact of corruption and bribery on content; and the extent to which the economic situation in a country impacts the development of the media.
Total Score and Status: A country's total score is based on the total of the three categories: a score of 0-30 places the country in the "Free" press group, 31-60 in "Partly Free," and 61-100 in the "Not Free" press group.
 
Status Changes
Botswana's rating moved from Free to Partly Free in 2005 due to the expulsion of two journalists without just cause.
Kenya's rating improved from Not Free to Partly Free owing to a decrease in the number of reported cases of extra-legal intimidation against journalists, as well as a gradual opening of the broadcast sector to private radio outlets.
Mauritania's rating improved from Not Free to Partly Free in order to reflect a relaxation of draconian press laws as well as an opening of the state and private media under the transition government.
 
 
 
 
 

Press Freedom in Africa

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