Elections in Burundi
Political System: Emerging Democracy
President: Pierre Nkurunziza (CNDD-FDD) [since 26 August 2005; elected 2005, re-elected 2010] The President is elected by direct popular vote for a 5-year term.
--Senate (49 Seats) 34 members (2 from each province) are indirectly elected by communal councilors, 3 members are from the ethnic Twa minority, 4 former presidents, and 8 co-opted members appointed to ensure that gender (at least 30% women) quotas are met; members serve 5-year terms.
--National Assembly (106 Seats) 100 members are elected by direct popular vote in multi-member constituencies using the party-list proportional representation system, 6 members are co-opted to ensure that constitutionally mandated ethnic (60% Hutu-40% Tutsi, and 3 Twa) and gender (at least 30% women) quotas are met; members serve 5-year terms.
Electoral Authority: National Independent Electoral Commission
Political Situation since Independence
1962-1966 Emerging Democracy
1966-1974 Military Regime & One Party State (UPRONA)
1974-1976 One Party State (UPRONA)
1976-1979 Military Regime
1979-1987 One Party State (UPRONA)
1987-1992 Military Regime & One Party State (UPRONA)
1992-1993 Multiparty Transition
1993-1996 Restricted Democratic Practice
1996 Military Regime
1996-2001 Restricted Democratic Practice
2001-2005 Transitional Government
2010- Emerging Democracy
2012 Freedom House Rating: Political Rights - 5, Civil Liberties - 5, Status: Partly Free
Next Scheduled Presidential Election: 2015
Next Scheduled National Assembly Election: 2015
Next Scheduled Senate Election: 2015
Political Parties: ACCEB - Association of the Middle Classes, Clerks, and Intellectuals of Burundi, Burundi People*, CNDD - National Council for the Defense of Democracy (predominately ethnic Hutu), CNDD-FDD - National Council for the Defense of Democracy-Forces for the Defense of Democracy (predominately ethnic Hutu), FRODEBU - Front for Democracy in Burundi (predominately ethnic Hutu), FRODEBU-Nyakuri - Front for Democracy in Burundi-Nyakuri, MRC-Rurenzangemero - Movement for the Rehabilitation of Citizens-Rurenzangemero (predominately ethnic Tutsi), PARENA - Party for National Recovery (predominately ethnic Tutsi), PDC - Christian Democratic Party (conservative), PP - People’s Party (predominately ethnic Hutu), PRP - People’s Reconciliation Party (predominately ethnic Hutu, royalist), RADDES - Rally for Democracy and Economic and Social Development (predominately ethnic Tutsi), RPB - People's Rally of Burundi, RPB - Rally for the People of Burundi (predominately ethnic Hutu), UNARU - African National Union of Ruanda-Urundi, UNB - National Union of Burundi, UPROHUTU - Union for Hutu Promotion, UPRONA - Union for National Progress (authoritarian, predominately ethnic Tutsi), VPM - Voice of the Murundi People.
Coalitions: Common Front (FC) [Contested the 1961 Legislative Assembly Election] The main party in the Front was the Christian Democratic Party (PDC); Union of People's Parties (UPP) [Contested the 1961 Legislative Assembly Election] Member parties include the People's Party (PP), People's Rally of Burundi (RPB), National Union of Burundi (UNB), Union for Hutu Promotion (UPROHUTU), and the Voice of the Murundi People (VPM).
*No political party acronym is available.
Last Updated: 8 May 2011
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