Elections in Guinea-Bissau
Political System: Transitional Government
Transitional President: Manuel Serifo Nhamadjo (PAIGC) [since 11 May 2012; serving in an interim capacity following a military coup on 12 April 2012] The President is elected by direct popular vote for a 5-year term. Electoral System: Two Round (Run-off).
Transitional Prime Minister: Rui Duarte de Barros [since 16 May 2012] The Prime Minister is appointed by the President after consultation with party leaders in the legislature.
National People's Assembly [unicameral]: (100 Seats) Members are elected by direct popular vote in multi-member constituencies using the party-list proportional representation system; members serve 4-year terms.
Electoral Authority: National Elections Commission
Political Situation since Independence
1974-1980 One Party State (PAIGC)
1980-1984 Military Regime & One Party State (PAIGC)
1984-1991 One Party State (PAIGC)
1991-1994 Multiparty Transition
1999 Transitional Government
2003-2005 Transitional Government
2012 Military Regime
2012- Transitional Government
2012 Freedom House Rating: Political Rights - 4, Civil Liberties - 4, Status: Partly Free
Next Scheduled Presidential Election: N/A
Next Scheduled National People's Assembly Election: N/A
Political Parties: AD - Democratic Alliance, AFP - Alliance of Patriotic Forces, ASG - Guinean Socialist Alliance, CD - Democratic Center, FCG-SD - Guinean Civic Forum-Social Democracy, FD - Democratic Front, FDS - Democratic Social Front, FLING - Front for the Liberation and Independence of Guinea, LIPE - Guinean League for Ecological Protection, MDG - Guinean Democratic Movement, MUDE - Movement for Unity and Democracy, PADEC - Party for Democracy, Development, and Citizenship, PAIGC - African Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde (far-left, socialist), PCD - Democratic Convergence Party, PDG - Guinean Democratic Party, PDP - Democratic Party for Progress, PDP - Popular Democratic Party, PDS - Democratic Socialist Party, PDSSG-PJ - Guinean Salvation Democratic Socialist Party-Young Party, PMP - Manifest Party of the People, PND - New Democracy Party, PP - Popular Party, PPG - Guinean People’s Party, PRD - Renewal and Development Party, PRID - Republican Party for Independence and Development, PRN - National Reconciliation Party, PRP - Progress and Renewal Party, PRS - Social Renewal Party (center-left), PSD - Social Democratic Party, PS-GB - Socialist Party of Guinea-Bissau, PST - Solidarity and Labor Party, PT - Workers' Party, PUN - National Unity Party, PUSD - United Social Democratic Party, RGB-MB - Resistance of Guinea-Bissau-Bafatá Movement, UM - Union for Change (center-left, progressive), UNDP - National Union for Democracy and Progress, UPG - Guinean Patriotic Union.
Coalitions: Democratic Alliance (AD) [Contested the 2008 National People's Assembly Election] Member parties include the Democratic Convergence Party (PCD) and Democratic Front (FD); Electoral Union (UE) [Contested the 2004 National People’s Assembly Election] Member parties include the Social Democratic Party (PSD), Guinean League for Ecological Protection (LIPE), Progress and Renewal Party (PRP), and an unidentified fourth party; Union for Change (UM) [Contested the 1994 Presidential and National People’s Assembly Election] Member parties include the Democratic Front (FD), Democratic Social Front (FDS), Guinean League for Ecological Protection (LIPE), Movement for Unity and Democracy (MUDE), Democratic Party for Progress (PDP), and the Renewal and Development Party (PRD). The coalition also contested the 1999 National People’s Assembly Election, but member parties are not available. The coalition appears to have contested the 2004 National People’s Assembly Election as a single party; United Platform (PLATAFORMA)* [Contested the 2004 National People’s Assembly Election] Member parties include the Democratic Front (FD), Democratic Social Front (FDS), Front for the Liberation and Independence of Guinea (FLING), Democratic Convergence Party (PCD), and the Solidarity and Labor Party (PST); United Popular Alliance (APU) [Contested the 2004 National People’s Assembly Election] Member parties include the Guinean People’s Party (PPG) and Guinean Socialist Alliance (ASG).
*The acronym PU is sometimes used when referring to the coalition.
Last Updated: 1 June 2012
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